Understanding Global Conflict and Cooperation: Pearson New International Edition
Joseph S. Nye, David A. Welch
Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub
Written by celebrated scholar Joseph Nye and new co-author David Welch, Understanding Global Conflict and Cooperation is a concise and penetrating introduction to world politics in an era of complex interdependence.
This text employs lessons from theory and history to examine conflict and cooperating among global actors and thus to provide readers with a durable analytical framework. From twentieth and twenty-first century wars to global finance and global governance, Understanding Global Conflict and Cooperation, formerly known as Understanding International Conflicts, expands substantially on a classic work and continues to deliver a thought-provoking survey of international relations today.
for reasons that are not yet entirely clear. The Prussian philosopher Immanuel Kant (1724–1804) was among the first to suggest that democracies are less warlike than authoritarian states. Absolute rulers can easily commit their states to war, as did Frederick the Great when he wanted Silesia in 1740 or Saddam Hussein when he invaded Kuwait in 1990. But Kant and other classical liberals pointed out that in a democracy the people can vote against war. Moreover, it is the people, rather than the
sovereign except when they violate international law, in which case they are subject to punishment. Collective security was to international law what the police are to domestic law. However, international law enjoyed far less acceptance among states than domestic law. Many states refused to be constrained by international law and saw compliance as voluntary rather than mandatory. The United States and the League of Nations The unwillingness of some states to relinquish a degree of sovereignty in
identified Japan as the aggressor and rejected Japan’s pretext as an unjustified intervention. Although his report recommended that the members of the League of Nations not recognize the state of Manchukuo, it did not call for applying Article 16 sanctions against Japan. In February 1933, the Assembly of the League of Nations voted 42 to 1 to accept Lytton’s report on the Japanese invasion of Manchuria. The one opposing vote was Japan, which then announced its intention to withdraw from the
Eritrea. Why didn’t the members of the League of Nations do more? There was general optimism that the recommended sanctions would force Italy to withdraw from Ethiopia. Sanctions certainly had an effect on the Italian economy: Italian exports declined by about one-third during the following year, the value of the Italian lira declined, and there were estimates that Italy’s gold reserves would be exhausted in nine months. But aside from inflicting economic damage, sanctions did not cause Mussolini
training South Vietnamese military forces Vietnam fails to hold elections, as required under the Geneva Convention Agreements of 1954 By year’s end, U.S. assistance to the South exceeds $1 million a day (Continued) The Cold War January j j j j j j Soviet premier Nikita Khrushchev announces Soviet support for “wars of national liberation”; North Vietnamese president Ho Chi Minh interprets this as a green light to escalate the communist assault on South Vietnam May President John F.