Theoretical Models of Counseling and Psychotherapy
Kevin A. Fall
Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub
This text provides a comprehensive overview of a variety of major counseling theories and focuses on the integration of different theoretical models. Appropriate for advanced undergraduates and graduate students, it offers a detailed description of the philosophical basis for each theory, along with historical context and a biography of the founder. Each chapter follows a similar format and explores the main features of the theory, including its approach to and ideas on personality development, human nature, the role of environment, the change process in therapy, and contributions and limitations to the mental health field. Theory-specific information on diagnosis, psychopharmacology, multicultural issues, spirituality, and gender issues is also discussed. These features will provide students with a deeper and more complete understanding of counseling theory than is available in any single resource and allow them to easily bridge classroom study to their future practice.
This second edition of the text has been completely updated and includes more case examples, as well as a new chapter on Constructivist approaches. An online instructor’s manual with student resources is available and offers material to enhance the pedagogical features of the text.
another like an evaluation or diagnosis. Although others may believe they perceive degrees of authenticity in someone else, it is that someone alone who knows one’s own level of authenticity. The degree of existential guilt that one experiences is the single best indicator of the authenticity of one’s existence. Thus, the existential model of mental health includes anxiety that one uses constructively. In a sense, the existential model also includes latitude for inevitable inauthenticity.
inborn tendencies but as “active participants in their environment, judging and evaluating stimuli, interpreting events and sensations, and judging their own responses” (Beck & Weishaar, 2008, p. 267). People actively create and seek to achieve goals they believe will serve both their vital and their less-than-vital interests. It is, therefore, only natural that individuals become distressed when they experience a threat to their interests (Beck & Weishaar, 2008). From the infant who cries in
to develop: prior to … spiritual awakening, all things seek Spirit in a way that actually prevents the realization…. We seek for Spirit in the world of time; but Spirit is timeless…. We seek for Spirit in this or that object … but Spirit is not an object…. In other words, we are seeking for Spirit in ways that prevent its realization, and force us to settle for substitute gratifications. (p. 60) Thus, people are often more absorbed in such substitute gratifications as money, food, sex,
(2000b) described the overall self as consisting of several aspects. The ground of the self is “pure Consciousness … Spirit that transcends all … the transcendental Self, antecedent Self” (p. 34), what Wilber termed the ultimate witness. The witness manifests in each individual as a proximate self, a person’s immediate felt-sense of oneself, and a distal self, everything one knows about oneself. As an example: I (Marquis) counseled a client years ago who was court-ordered to attend therapy
and the crowds seemed to relish his presentation format that included both lecture and live demonstration. On May 28, 1937, at the age of 67, while in Aberdeen, Scotland to deliver a series of lectures, Adler collapsed while walking and died from heart failure. Numerous followers have continued and advanced Adler’s ideas and work, and several are well-established authors and educators in their own right. These Adlerians include Heinz and Rowena Ansbacher, Jon Carlson, Raymond Corsini, Don