The Struggle for the World: Liberation Movements for the 21st Century

The Struggle for the World: Liberation Movements for the 21st Century

Charles Lindholm, José Pedro Zúquete

Language: English

Pages: 280

ISBN: 0804759383

Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub


What do Mexico's Zapatistas, the French National Front, Slow Food, rave subculture, and al-Qaeda all have in common? From right-wing to left-wing to no-wing, they all proudly proclaim their mission to defend their distinctive identities against modernity's homogenizing processes. This controversial book establishes fundamental similarities between anti-globalization "aurora" movements that aim to destroy the modern world and bring a radiant new dawn to humankind.

While these groups often despise one another, they nonetheless share many fundamental characteristics, goals, and attitudes. Drawing on the original writings and actions of various anti-globalist groups, the authors reveal a common tendency toward charismatic leadership, good versus evil worldviews, the quest for authentic identity, concern with ritual, and unbending demands for total commitment. These movements, however they pursue world transformation and personal transcendence, are a prominent and continuing aspect of our present condition. This book is a strong reminder that, no matter what the cause, revolution is not a thing of the past and the fervent search for another world continues.

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Anthropology, 73 (2), 163–188. Pinto, Darwin, and Roberto Navia. 2007. Un Tal Evo: Biografía no Autorizada. Santa Cruz de la Sierra, Bolivia: Editorial El País. Pinto-Coelho, José. 2006 (June 14). E-mail communication. Pinto-Coelho, José. 2007a (January 1). “Do Presidente aos Nacionalistas.” Available at: www.pnr.pt Pinto-Coelho, José. 2007b (June 10). “10 de Junho—Discurso.” Available at: www.pnr.pt Pinto-Coelho, José. 2007c (December 1). “1 de Dezembro—Discurso.” Available at: www.pnr.pt

that “gives strength to a nation.” The Bolivarian state must be autochthonous and authentically Venezuelan and must strenuously resist the corrupt “foreign models” inspired by neoliberalism. As he argued, “the market cannot create republics because it is grounded on the dogma of individualism that led to a worldwide state of affairs in which we are savages, fighting against each other.”94 In Chávez’s view, the liberation of the oppressed masses demands a constitution based on authenticity. This

years of indigenous and popular resistance” a new era of liberation of the Latin American peoples had begun, starting with the “refoundation” of Bolivia.220 This was not the first time that Morales had gone on pilgrimage to the spiritual center of the Andean peoples. His campaign as the MAS party candidate for president had concluded at the same holy site.221 And in October 2007 he returned to Tiwanaku to celebrate the adoption by the U.N. General Assembly of the “Declaration of the Rights of

of chaos. However, the different movements whose ideologies and practices we have outlined do not believe they are lost; each believes it is carving a path through the wilderness; each is tenaciously striving—in its own specific way—to save humanity from the evil forces of globalization and capitalism. Although we hope the reader has been struck by how similar the premises and claims of these combatants are, we also hope that their variety and difference has not escaped the reader’s attention. We

communal sharing and blissful unity. As premonitions of the ultimate aspiration, and as inspirational nodes for transformation, temporary autonomous zones (TAZs), liberated from the oppressive global order, have to be created. The terminology comes from ravers and their allies, but all the aurora movements aim at creating their own versions of independent spaces, regions, or geopolitical blocs. Zapatista communities, pan–Latin America projects, a “Europe of Peoples,” the WSF “square without an

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