The Rise and Fall of the Soviet Union (Routledge Sources in History)
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Through sources and documents, The Rise and Fall of the Soviet Union by Richard Sakwa places the Soviet experience in historical and comparative context. The author introduces each source in this volume fully and provides commentary and analysis.
Using eye-witness accounts, official documents and new materials which have just come to light, Richard Sakwa gives an historical overview of the Soviet Union from the revolution of 1906 to the fall of the regime.
action by a revolutionary party in favour of action by a secret handful of conspirators. In contrastto Lenin, however, Blanquists failed to take into account the specific historical moment when a successful uprising could take place and despised contact with the masses. In Russia Blanquist ideas were popularised by Sergei Nechaev, whose views were held in high regard by Lenin; both were consumed by a hatred for the upper classes and sought revenge for the people’s sufferings. Nechaev’s
eliminating the vestiges of the original communist leaderships and suppressing the fmal sparks of independence. Third period’ extremism condemned the German Social Democrats as ‘social fascists’, so driving a wedge between the opponents of Nazism and facilitating Hitler’s rise to power. Leading the largest party in the Reichstag, President Hindenburg appointed Hitler Chancellor in January 1933 as a counterweight to the socialists and communists (who themselves were bitterly divided as a result of
vol. III, pp. 1301–2. Document 2.5 Lenin Addresses the First Congress of Soviets, 4 June 1917 Lenin’s was the next speech, in which he amplified his views on Russia’s preparedness for socialism and the Bolsheviks’ readiness to take power. The first and main question facing us is this: where are we? What are these soviets which have gathered together here for the All-Russian Congress, what is that revolutionary democracy, about which so much has been spoken here that would insult any understanding
Deputies calls upon all the belligerent peoples and their governments to start immediate negotiations for a just, democratic peace. By a just or democratic peace, for which the overwhelming majority of the working and toiling classes of all the belligerent countries, exhausted, tormented and racked by the war, are craving—a peace that has been most definitely and insistently demanded by the Russian workers and peasants ever since the overthrow of the tsarist monarchy—by such a peace the
the International Conference of the Communist International is considering the question of the ‘united Workers’ front’, and we consider it our Communist duty to make it known to you that in our country things stand unfavorably with the united front, not only in the broad sense of the term, but even in applying it to the ranks of our party. 4 THE PATHS DIVERGE, 1921–1929 133 At a time when the forces of the bourgeois element press on us from all sides, when they even penetrate into our party,