The Philosophy of Spinoza: Unfolding the Latent Processes of His Reasoning, Volumes 1-2

The Philosophy of Spinoza: Unfolding the Latent Processes of His Reasoning, Volumes 1-2

Harry A. Wolfson

Language: English

Pages: 883

ISBN: 2:00255648

Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub


One of the most important books on Spinoza in the English language; a section by section commentary on The Ethics.

The End of the World: The Science and Ethics of Human Extinction

Ambition, A History: From Vice to Virtue

Varieties of Moral Personality: Ethics and Psychological Realism

Media, Society, World: Social Theory and Digital Media Practice

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

t r a n s l a t e d or i n t e r p r e t e d in a sense corresponding to the two terms used by Spinoza T h e n , after we h a d completed the c h a p t e r on the Stages of Knowledge, we began to ask ourselves w h e t h e r it would n o t be possible for us to find some work accessible to Spinoza where t h a t u n u s u a l translation or i n t e r p r e t a t i o n of the two Aristotelian terms in question actually occurred A f t e r some search, we f o u n d t h a t in two L a t i n

discussed in our c o m m e n t s on Proposition X V I I I of Ethics, I T h e f o u r t h and last proposition in this c h a p t e r of the Short Treatise, though containing in its proof m a n y elements taken from the proofs of the preceding propositions, does n o t p r o p e r l y belong in our p r e s e n t discussion of t h e u n i t y of s u b s t a n c e I t will be treated s u b s e q u e n t l y in our discussion of the simplicity of substance C H A P T E R SIMPLICITY I. SIMPLICITY

identical H e is n o t a s u b s t a n c e to which existence is joined as an accident, as an additional e l e m e n t " 3 Simplicity in this sense, as a denial of a n y kind of internal plurality, physical as well as m e t a p h y s i c a l and logical, is m a i n t a i n e d by Spinoza with regard to s u b s t a n c e Of the three kinds of internal p l u r a l i t y especially rejected by the m e d i a e v a l s , — the plurality of subject and accidental quallty, of genus and species, and of

significance it has assumed in its later history, the problem seems to m e to h a v e had a simple and humble origin T o my m i n d , it originated in the question as to the meaning of propositions in which the term " e x i s t e n t " forms the predicate, as, for instance, " A is existent " In order to appreciate the significance of this 1 T h e o t h e r w a \ of p h r a s i n g i t is t h a t G o d is e x i s t e n c e w i t h o u t e s s e n c e a d d e d t h e r e t o See m y ' C r e s c a s

u s t as a stone is too low to be b r o u g h t into connection with learning 01 ignorance, thus the essence of God is too exalted to have a n y t h i n g to do with life or d e a t h ‫ י ״‬R x a c t l v the s a m e reasoning, though for a different purpose, is employed by Spinoza " I say then, first, that privation is n o t the act of depriving, b u t simply and merely a state of w a n t We say, for example, that a blind man is deprived of sight, be cause we readily imagine him as seeing T h i s

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