The Palgrave Concise Historical Atlas of the First World War
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The First World War continues to fascinate. Its profound effect on politics and society is still felt today. Yet it remains a greatly misunderstood conflict, shrouded in myths and misperceptions. In The Palgrave Concise Historical Atlas of the First World War Philpott and Hughes, leading young historians of the conflict, draw on recent scholarship to present a clear introduction to the war. In fifty maps, accompanied by supporting text and statistical tables, they survey the main battles and political features of the war. This concise volume will give students and general readers important insights into the nature and effects of world war.
stronger force with a weaker force and, looking at total defeat, he ordered a general retreat of some 240 kilometres (150 miles) to the Carpathians, leaving behind 150,000 men besieged in Przemysl (which fell in March 1915). In three weeks, Austria-Hungary had lost 400,000 men, including 300,000 prisoners-of-war. The army also lost experienced officers and men; their replacements, riddled with nationalism, were less reliable and liable to desert. The Russians lost 250,000 men and 100 guns and
firepower-dominated battlefield, with limited mobility and poor communications, blunted infantry assaults. Any breaches forced could be plugged by the enemy, who could bring up reserves more rapidly than the attacking troops could advance. Successful counter-attacks could then be delivered against exhausted and depleted attackers – ground taken would often be lost. With ‘break through’ impossible a new kind of linear siege warfare, drawing on the methods and weapons of bygone eras – saps,
that tried to extend further Japanese influence over China. 25 Spa n Mor ish occo French Morocco Tunisia (F) Algeria (F) Suez Canal Libya (I) JAPAN Egypt (B) British Somaliland Tsingtao (German) French Somaliland C French West Africa Eritr e French Equatorial Africa n ma Ger s on ies k c n a Att Colo g s d lan a Is ) n rian Ma erma (G Abyssinia (Ind.) Gold Nigeria (B) kon Hong a (I) Anglo-Egyptian Sudan (B) Kamina Coast (B) Shanghai A HIN Caroline Islands (German)
the Arab Middle East. What would become Turkey was reduced to an Anatolian rump, plus a small strip of European Turkey up to the Chatalja lines 32 kilometres (20 miles) west of Istanbul. Sèvres added parts of eastern Anatolia to a new republic of Armenia, gave substantial parts of Thrace to Greece and raised the possibility of an autonomous Kurdistan. In addition, the settlement gave the administration of the town of Smyrna (Izmir) and its hinterland to Greece, Turkey’s long-standing rival, with
of 13,250,000 mobilised) Atlantic Ocean 1,200,000 (out of 9,000,000 mobilised) FRANCE 322,000 (out of 1,000,000 mobilised) ITALY BULGARIA OTTOMAN EMPIRE 400,000 (out of 2,850,000 mobilised) CE 460,000 (out of 5,900,000 mobilised) 49,000 (out of 950,000 mobilised) GREE 7222 (out of 100,000 mobilised) Black Sea RUMANIA SERBIA 1,300,000 (out of 8,500,000 mobilised) POR TUG AL 158,000 (out of 1,000,000 mobilised) AUSTRIA-HUNGARY 5000 (out of 200,000 mobilised) Mediterranean Sea