The History of the Czech Republic and Slovakia (The Greenwood Histories of the Modern Nations)

The History of the Czech Republic and Slovakia (The Greenwood Histories of the Modern Nations)

Language: English

Pages: 287

ISBN: 0313363056

Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub

This survey of Czech and Slovak history traces the development of two neighboring peoples through the creation of a common Czechoslovakian state in 1918 to the founding of the independent Czech and Slovak Republics in 1993 and beyond.

• Brief biographical sketches of many noteworthy Czechs and Slovaks through the ages

• A chronology of key events in Czech and Slovak history from prehistory to the present day

• A bibliographical essay on significant general works and historical monographs regarding Czech and Slovak history

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31 authority entailed the intensification of serfdom among the peasantry and the collection of compulsory dues from villages. Territories beyond central Bohemia remained in the hands of dukes dependent upon the Prˇemyslids until 935. Borˇivoj’s son Spytihneˇv I (r. 894–915) contributed to the founding of Prague by erecting a castle of wood and clay along with churches of stone on the fringe of the site known today as Hradcˇany. From the early 900s, Czech martyrs would be buried on this spot in

horses.”3 Elements of the Great Moravian state would likely have endured in limited form for a short time during the 10th century, although the component territories and conquered lands had already begun to drift away. Moravia eventually came under the influence of a rising Bohemia, and the Slovaks became subjects of the Magyar kingdom of Hungary. The Magyar victory and the fall of Great Moravia led not only to the separation of Slovakia from the Czech lands for a thousand years, but also to the

embraced by Germans living in the mining towns of eastern Slovakia. From the towns, Lutheranism spread to the rural gentry and among the peasantry. The presence of Slovak students at the University of Wittenberg, where Luther served as a professor of theology, allowed for the training of Lutheran pastors to serve congregations in Slovakia and elsewhere in Hungary. When the Czech Brethren arrived in Slovakia, they introduced the Czech Bible, Biblia Kralicka´ (Kralice Bible), which was published in

on the basis of proportional representation. The Senate, modeled on the U.S. Senate and first elected in 1996, includes members elected for six-year terms with one-third elected every two years. All Czech citizens 40 years of age and older are eligible for election to the Senate as nominated by political parties or as independent candidates in 81 constituencies. 8 The History of the Czech Republic and Slovakia Candidates earning more than 50 percent of the votes cast earn a seat in the

military alliances with France, but Germany proved to be of much more concern to Czechoslovakia than to the other members of the Little Entente. World War I and the First Czechoslovak Republic 155 During the crisis year of 1923, the runaway inflation and the occupation of the Ruhr in Germany created difficulties for Masaryk and Benesˇ as a result of France’s continued hard-line policies toward the Germans. Benesˇ believed that cooperation between France and Germany was essential to

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