The Emerging Physics of Consciousness (The Frontiers Collection)
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Seeks answers to these questions using the underlying assumption that consciousness can be understood using the intellectual potential of modern physics and other sciences. There are a number of theories of consciousness, some based on classical physics while others require the use of quantum concepts.
The latter ones have drawn criticism from the parts of the scientific establishment while simultaneously claiming that classical approaches are doomed to failure.
The contributing authors presents a spectrum of opinions from both sides of this on-going scientific debate, allowing readers to decide for themselves which of the approaches are most likely to succeed.
axon terminals providing them inputs via a contact matrix composed of nCAMs and other proteins that traverse the synapse This microtubule-nCAM-microtubule linkage may help guide new spines to form again in their original positions. Another way to identify the site of memory storage is to pinpoint sites of high metabolic activity. The process of memory consolidation requires high metabolic activity, although once material is learned, the brain expends much less metabolic energy when using that
information manipulation, there is no bulk transfer of charge or mass involved. Permanent information encoding can be achieved by creating geometrical arrangements via placing the MTs on chips spotted with appropriate chemicals (e. g. taxol, zinc, colchicine) to force specific features such as centers, sheets, spirals or elongated structures to emerge from the MT self-assembly. The end products of tubulin polymerization can be controlled by temperature and application of chemicals and MAPs to
explain potentially unfamiliar biological terms and procedures. Following established standards in genetics, small case italics such as tau indicate the gene that codes for the protein TAU indicated in capitals. Strains or lines of transgenic animals (animals that have been genetically manipulated 4 Quantum Eﬀects in Cytoskeletal Proteins 121 and contain extra genes) are named somewhat arbitrarily so here we use b-, h-, or d-, indicating bovine- human- or Drosophila- (native) derived-genes,
stipulated in Sect. 4.2 along MTs, while modulation may be achieved by microtubule-associated-protein (MAP) binding that creates “nodes” in the MT network. In our proposed scheme for information manipulation, there is no bulk transfer of (charged) mass involved. Tubulin polymerization can be controlled by temperature and application of chemicals and MAPs to yield closely or widely spaced MTs, centers, sheets, rings and other structures [29, 46], thus facilitating fabrication of nanowires, nodes
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