The Coastlines of the World with Google Earth: Understanding our Environment (Coastal Research Library)
Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub
Far away shores, exotic islands or adventurous sea voyages - coasts are the destination of dreams for millions of people around the globe. Large numbers of people also call coasts their home; in many countries a narrow coastal strip is densely populated making these places vulnerable to marine natural hazards such as storms or tsunamis. The book Coastlines of the World with Google Earth aims to draw people's attention (within and outside of the science community) towards coastal sciences and spark interest for the extraordinary diversity and beauty of coastal environments. The book illustrates the fascinating variety of coastal landscapes using images from Google Earth's virtual globe that allow us to explore the world and demonstrate knowledge and applications of coastal science in many different fields in an engaging visual tour.
The book of Anja and Sander Scheffers and Dieter Kelletat is a true cornucopia for everyone, both scientists and laymen, interested in coastal geomorphology. On the one hand, it documents the enormous significance of Google Earth for coastal science issues and shows how powerful this tool is for visualizing coastal features and processes. On the other hand, the reader gets a vivid insight in the many varieties of coastal science and its applications. This is especially true with regard to coastal hazards such as extreme events and global sea level rise knowing that the vulnerability of coastal zones has dramatically increased during the past decades. The fact that the book is so attractive and inspiring to both beginners and experts is also due to the huge experience that the authors have gained during their manifold research activities.
Andreas Vött, Johannes Gutenberg-Universität Mainz, Germany
This book will have great appeal to coastal researchers, at both beginning and advanced stages, because it integrates Google satellite imagery with coastal marine classification and in-depth studies by the authors from many parts of the world. The world’s coastline is well represented in this book which has a truly global perspective of unique, dramatic and commonplace coastal landforms. The authors in collaboration with the publisher have prepared a very handsome volume that will no doubt become a classic in the fullness of time. This book represents one of the first efforts to utilize Google images in a scientific manner to illustrate the diversity of coastal morphologies on a worldwide basis. The plethora of color satellite images, block diagrams, and oblique photography makes this book a valuable resource for a wide array of specialists that will want to have handy access to this unique work. This coastal compendium is an illustrated tour de force that belongs on researchers' bookshelves as well as on coffee tables for casual enjoyment.
Charles Finkl, Florida Atlantic University, Boca Raton, FL, USA
centuries during which sea level rose ten to twenty times faster corresponding to a sea level rise of many centimetres/year. Nearly all coasts have thus experienced submergence or “drowning” and evidence for lower glacial sea levels is found seaward of present coastlines out to depths of 100 m or more. A terrific visualization is the Google Earth Blue Marble 3000, developed at the Zurich University of Applied Sciences by Adrian Meyer and Karl Rege. It shows the earth starting at the last glacial
ground leads to some unusual landforms. Common features are depressions in the land surface due to thawing processes when ground ice disappears leaving thousands of shallow basins imprinted on the surface (Figs. 3.33–3.34). As the permafrost ground is frost shattered and high in ice content, waves and selective melting may open a path through which the sea can inundate the permafrost depressions (Fig. 3.33 and 3.34). 95 next page Fig. 3.33 The ocean has invaded permafrost depressions forming a
primary influences. Coastal researchers often use a classification scheme developed by Galloway (1975) on the basis of dominate processes (fluvial/wave/tidedominated) and the resulting morphology. In low energy environments with minimal wave energy and small tidal ranges, the river system is dominant in the morphological characteristics of a delta. In cases these deltas may protrude quickly towards the sea as is exemplified by the modern Mississippi delta, representative of the so called
PA (2006) Sand Beach Ridges: Definitions and Re-Definitions. Journal of Coastal Research Special Issue 39:72–75. Kelletat D, Scheffers A (2005) Europe, Coastal Geomorphology. In: Schwartz M (ed) Encyclopedia of Coastal Science. Springer, Dordrecht. Komar, PD (1998) Beach processes and sedimentation, 2nd edn. Upper Saddle River, NJ; Prentice-Hall. Long A, Waller MP, Plater AJ (eds, 2008) Dungeness and Romney Marsh: Barrier Dynamics and Marshland Evolution. Oxbow Books Ltd, Oxford. Otvos EG (2000)
absent due to salinity levels too high to sustain survival; these habitats are the so-called “tans” or “sabkhas” (Figs. 6.21–6.23, and 6.28–6.32). Mangroves, which provide very important ecosystems for many organisms (crabs and fishes, birds, insects), have been eradicated over recent decades to transform low lying coasts into land for aqua-farming, which forms the base of profitable crab, oyster, lobster or fish industries. Dense natural mangrove forests, however, are also protective belts