The Cambridge Grammar of the English Language

The Cambridge Grammar of the English Language

Geoffrey K. Pullum

Language: English

Pages: 1860

ISBN: 0521431468

Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub


The Cambridge Grammar of the English Language is the first comprehensive descriptive grammar of English to appear for over fifteen years, a period which has seen immense developments in linguistic theory at all levels. The principal authors, Rodney Huddleston and Geoffrey Pullum, are among the world's leading scholars in this area, and they have benefited from the expertise of an international team of distinguished contributors in preparing what will be the definitive grammar for decades to come. Each chapter comprises core definitions, detailed analyses, notes explaining alternative interpretations of difficult or controversial points, and brief notes on usage and history. Numerous cross-references and an exhaustive index ensure ease of access to information. An introductory section offers guidance as to how best to use the book is provided. Rodney Huddleston was until recently Professor in the Linguistics section of the Department of English at the University of Queensland, Australia, and has been publishing important books and papers on English grammar for thirty years. Geoffrey K. Pullum is Professor of Linguistics at the University of California, Santa Cruz, and is the author of 200 articles and books on English grammar and a variety of other topics in theoretical and applied linguistics.

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10 and 11 I was working in the library, and then I had a game of squash: here the adjunct will be taken to delimit Tsit· But if [6iii] is said in response to Mere were you between 10 and 11 ?, it will be taken to delimit 9 only T ..: it could be that I worked there all morning. The same applies to [iv], where filling in my tax return is an accomplishment. Possible continuations are It took me all that time to do it (indicating that the terminal phase is included in the T r of [iv], thus

enormously useful work; we thank them warmly. Tom also played a major part in compiling the index, while James Huddleston provided valuable additional help with this massive task. Our more general intellectual debts will, we hope, be obvious, though not as obvious as they would have been if we had been writing a linguistics monograph with literature citations rather than a descriptive grammar with none. It should be kept in mind that we have maintained strictly a policy of not interrupting our

which does occur quite readily without an object § 1-4 The gerund-participle (c£ They like to entertain): this is why [15iii] can have a verbal as well as an adjectival interpretation. (b) Occurrence with seem We have noted that verbs like seem takeAdjPs as complement, but not participial clauses. They can therefore substitute for be in [15ii] but not in [i]: 2 [17] i They are/*seem entertaining the prime minister and her husband. ii The show was/ seemed entertaini11g. [verb] [adjective]

at Newborough, on or about the 14th dayo f fun e, 1997, he did murder onefames Robinson). !i 2.1-4 Code: elliptical stranding and pro-verb do 2.1-4 Code: elliptical stranding and the pro-verb do In the code construction the VP of a clause is reduced, with the remainder of its semantic content being recoverable from the context. In the simplest case we have ellipsis of the complement of an auxiliary verb: [25] FULL VERSION i a. Pat [can help him too]. ii a. Pat [is in debt as well].

therefore the following possibilities: Do I have enough tea? I don't have enough tea. { %I haven't enough tea. %Have I enough tea? b. I have gQ1 enough tea. I haven't got enough tea. Have I gQ1 enough tea? I don't have to read it all. Do I have to read it all? ii a. I have to read it all. { %I haven't to read it all. %Have I to read it all? b. I have got to read it all. I h~v.m]_gm to read it all. ]-Ial(.e I gQ1 to read it all? [58] i a. I have enough tea. Have got vs have There are several

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