The Brothers: John Foster Dulles, Allen Dulles, and Their Secret World War
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A joint biography of John Foster Dulles and Allen Dulles, who led the United States into an unseen war that decisively shaped today's world
During the 1950s, when the Cold War was at its peak, two immensely powerful brothers led the United States into a series of foreign adventures whose effects are still shaking the world.
John Foster Dulles was secretary of state while his brother, Allen Dulles, was director of the Central Intelligence Agency. In this book, Stephen Kinzer places their extraordinary lives against the background of American culture and history. He uses the framework of biography to ask: Why does the United States behave as it does in the world?
"The Brothers" explores hidden forces that shape the national psyche, from religious piety to Western movies--many of which are about a noble gunman who cleans up a lawless town by killing bad guys. This is how the Dulles brothers saw themselves, and how many Americans still see their country's role in the world.
Propelled by a quintessentially American set of fears and delusions, the Dulles brothers launched violent campaigns against foreign leaders they saw as threats to the United States. These campaigns helped push countries from Guatemala to the Congo into long spirals of violence, led the United States into the Vietnam War, and laid the foundation for decades of hostility between the United States and countries from Cuba to Iran.
The story of the Dulles brothers is the story of America. It illuminates and helps explain the modern history of the United States and the world.
A "Kirkus Reviews "Best Nonfiction Book of 2013
Hawkins later put it, “earnestly asked us not to abandon him at this late date.” His appeal to their patriotism and esprit de corps finally prevailed. As they drove away from his house, a last chance vanished with them. “We made a bad mistake by not sticking to our guns and staying resigned,” Hawkins later lamented. Equally striking is that the two officers considered Bissell the only target for their plea. Allen had so fully distanced himself from the operation’s planning that they never
Kensington, 2001), pp. 107–9. “There was something extra-political”: Wright, Color Curtain, p. 14. Malcolm X did not attend: George Breitman (ed.), Malcolm X Speaks: Selected Speeches and Statements (New York: Merit, 1965), p. 5. “pactomania”: Hoopes, Devil and John Foster Dulles, p. 241. “possibly eighty percent”: Gunn, Spiritual Weapons, p. 175. “gentleman’s agreement”: Daniel P. O’C. Greene, “John Foster Dulles and the End of the Franco-American Entente in Indochina,” Diplomatic History
Disaster, p. 65. Eisenhower … would favor any plot: Richard M. Bissell Jr., Reflections of a Cold Warrior: From Yalta to the Bay of Pigs (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1996), p. 153. “concerned and perplexed”: Robert E. Quirk, Fidel Castro (New York: W.W. Norton, 1995), p. 289. “things that might be drastic”: Jack Pfeiffer, Official History of the Bay of Pigs Operation, p. 50, http://www.gwu.edu/~nsarchiv/NSAEBB/NSAEBB355/bop-vol1-part1.pdf. “no thought of intervention”: Daniel F.
months, and during those months he lived at Cromwell’s “swell suite” on Avenue Foch. Foster had by this time come to consider Cromwell an undisciplined and occasionally embarrassing eccentric, but Allen became, by his own account, “really fond” of the aging master. They developed something of the father-son relationship that Allen had lacked at home, where the stern Reverend Dulles favored his stern firstborn son. While Allen was in Paris, Reverend Dulles died at the family home in Watertown,
is distinguished by free institutions.… The second way of life is based upon the will of a minority forcibly imposed upon the majority. It relies upon terror and oppression, a controlled press and radio, fixed elections, and the suppression of personal freedoms. I believe that it must be the policy of the United States to support free peoples who are resisting attempted subjugation by armed minorities or by outside pressures.” Congress accepted Truman’s worldview and appropriated the $400