The A to Z of Horror Cinema (The A to Z Guide Series)
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Horror is one of the most enduring and controversial of all cinematic genres. Horror films range from the subtle and the poetic to the graphic and the gory but what links them all is their ability to frighten, disturb, shock, provoke, delight, irritate, amuse, and bemuse audiences. Horror's capacity to serve as an outlet to capture the changing patterns of our fears and anxieties has ensured not only its notoriety but also its long-term survival and its international popularity. Above all, however, it is the audience's continual desire to experience new frights and evermore-horrifying sights that continue to make films like The Exorcist, A Nightmare on Elm Street, Halloween, Night of the Living Dead, The Texas Chainsaw Massacre, Psycho, Ringu, and The Shining captivate viewers. The A to Z of Horror Cinema traces the development of horror cinema from the beginning of the 20th century to the present day. This is done through a chronology, an introductory essay, a bibliography, and hundreds of cross-referenced dictionary entries. Entries cover all the major movie villains, including Frankenstein and his monster, the vampire, the werewolf, the mummy, the zombie, the ghost, and the serial killer; the film directors, producers, writers, actors, cinematographers, make-up artists, special effects technicians, and composers who have helped to shape horror history; significant production companies and the major films that have come to stand as milestones in the development of the horror genre; and the different national traditions in horror cinema as well as horror's most popular themes, formats, conventions, and cycles.
relocates vampires within a high school setting, and Francis Ford Coppola directs a blockbusting new version of Dracula featuring Gary Oldman as the Count and Anthony Hopkins as Van Helsing. Alien 3 is the grimmest entry to the Alien cycle. 09_494_01Front.qxd 8/19/09 1:30 PM Page xxxv CHRONOLOGY • xxxv 1993 Mexico: Guillermo del Toro makes his directorial debut with Cronos, an innovative vampire film. United States: Two more Stephen King adaptations appear, Needful Things and George
killer who inspired several horror films. The international co-production Shadow of the Vampire deals with the production of the 1922 Nosferatu and speculates that the actor who played the vampire was actually a vampire. 2001 France: Le pacte des loups (The Brotherhood of the Wolf) successfully combines horror elements with period drama, while Trouble Every Day is an artier exploration of the cannibalism theme. Great Britain: The Second World War supernatural drama The Bunker is an early sign of
cultural hierarchy than anything going under the name “art.” However, these two apparently distinct areas of culture have influenced each other. For example, imagery derived from expressionism recurs in later horror films, while some of the prestigious work of canonical directors such as Carl Theodor Dreyer, Ingmar Bergman, and more recently, Michael Haneke has drawn upon imagery or themes commonly associated with horror cinema. Even an eminent director such as Federico Fellini offers a fine
(often the weak point in Amicus’s productions). Bloch also wrote extensively for television, specializing in horror and crime. His credits include Alfred Hitchcock Presents (1955–1962), Thriller (1960–1962), Journey to the Unknown (1968), and Night Gallery (1970). He penned some of the more gothic episodes of Star Trek (1966–1969), including one featuring Jack the Ripper, as well as two interesting television films for director Curtis Harrington, The Cat Creature (1973), and The Dead Don’t Die
dolls that might or might not be alive appear in Dead of Night (1945) and Magic (1978). An affection for dolls has also been used by filmmakers to identify adult characters who are in various ways still dangerously caught up in childhood fears and anxieties, for example in the psychological thrillers Bunny Lake Is Missing (1965) and The Psychopath (1965) and the giallo Profondo Rosso (Deep Red) (1975). DOUGLAS, MELVYN (1901–1981). The American actor Melvyn Douglas had brushes with the horror