Survival Skills of the North American Indians

Survival Skills of the North American Indians

Peter Goodchild

Language: English

Pages: 256

ISBN: 1556523459

Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub

This comprehensive review of Native American life skills covers collecting and preparing plant foods and medicines; hunting animals; creating and transporting fire; and crafting tools, shelter, clothing, utensils, and other devices. Step-by-step instructions and 145 detailed diagrams enable the reader to duplicate native methods using materials available in local habitats. A new foreword, introduction, and index complement the practical information offered.

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Overgrazing is now endangering many species of the lily family. Camas (Camassia quamash and C. leichtlinii). A member of the lily family, camas was the most important plant food of the Plateau and the western Plains. The bulbs were harvested while the plant was in bloom. They were pit-steamed or pit-roasted for about three days, until they had turned black. The Blackfeet also boiled the bulbs in soup. The cooked or (less often) raw bulbs were also sun-dried for later use. Edible camas can be

were used almost everywhere as an infusion drunk for colds. The roots of calamus (Acorus calamus) were used by many tribes of the eastern Subarctic, the Plains, and the Eastern Woodlands for colds. The root was either chewed or made into a tea. The Potawatomi dried and powdered the root as a snuff for nasal congestion. Material from coniferous trees was widely used in the Subarctic and the Eastern Woodlands to treat colds and coughs. The trees used included balsam fir, spruce, cedar, juniper,

carefully light a fire underneath it. A period of thaw might make the task easier. The bark was rolled up lengthwise and inside out and carried back to the work site. The inside of the bark would become the outside of the canoe. Roots. Many yards of conifer roots were required to fasten the canoe together. The roots of black spruce, white spruce, tamarack, or jack pine were used, though sometimes the peeled roots of willow (not a conifer) were used instead. They were cut near the trunk and

Bush, Chico. Seeds ground for bread or gruel in Utah. Atriplex spp. Saltbush. Boiled young leaves and ground seeds of many species eaten in western United States. Chenopodium spp. Lamb’s Quarters, etc. Some species alien. Seeds and leaves eaten in many parts of the United States and further south. CAUTION: C. ambrosioides can be toxic in large quantities. Cycloloma atriplicifolium. Cycloloma. Seeds added to pinole by the Zuñi. Monolepsis nuttaliana. Patata, Patota. The Pima boiled the roots;

Boats of North America. Bulletin 230. Washington: United States National Museum, 1964. Adovasio, James M. Basketry Technology: A Guide to Identification and Analysis. Chicago: Aldine Publishing Company, 1977. Arima, Eugene Y. A Contextual Study of the Caribou Eskimo Kayak. Mercury Series. No. 25. Ottawa: National Museums of Canada, 1975 The Athapaskans: Strangers of the North. Ottawa: National Museums of Canada, 1974. Barnett, Homer G. The Coast Salish of British Columbia. Eugene: University

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