Self Assessment and Review of Plastic Surgery
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The subject matter of plastic surgery has been covered in a total of seven independent sections dealing with general principles, aesthetic surgery, head and neck, craniofacial and cleft, oncoplastic surgery, trunk and lower extremity and finally upper limb and hand surgery. This is followed by a section of multiple choice questions based on recent advances in plastic surgery. The questions have been based on various, notable publications in plastic surgery over the last ten years. The seven sections offer incisive questions based on the particular subject from the historical aspect to the intricacies of diagnosis and treatment. The last section on recent advances is an assortment of questions without any particular subject loyalty. This section will make the reader abreast with questions on the current advances in plastic surgery. To eliminate any type of ambiguity in the answer to the particular question item, each of the questions in this book has been supported by specific and complete references detailing the authors and the journal so that the reader can refer to these for more information on that particular question stem. All questions also have specific answers and explanations which will provide the reader a grasp of the particular point that has been raised and discussed in the subject stem. The answers, explanations and references follow at the end of each section so that the reader can turn the pages and review these at convenience while the answers also remain hidden from the eye at the time of reading the question item.
resection. The orbits are mobilised and bone grafts are placed in the lateral defects. The other osteotomies do not fall in the description of U-shaped osteotomy. Reference: McCarthy JG, Thorne CHM, Woodsmith D. Principles of craniofacial surgery: orbital hypertelorism. In McCarthy JG, ed: Plastic Surgery. Philadelphia, WB Saunders, 1990: 2974. 101. The correct response is C. The number 0 cleft involves the midline structures and the soft tissue and skeletal characteristics also involve these
likely to give this result? 32. The local anaesthetic produces its anaesthetic effect by doing which one of the following? A. B. C. D. Block the nerve Prevent passage of sodium Prevent passage of potassium Prevent passage of calcium 33. Regional anaesthesia to the external nose can be achieved by blocking the following nerves except? A. B. C. D. 1 A. B. C. D. 50 mm lens with single flash 50 mm lens with ring flash 100 mm macrolens with servant flash 100 mm macrolens with single flash 28.
Reference: 1. Rowe NL, Killey HC. Fractures of the facial skeleton, 2nd ed, Baltimore, Williams and Wilkins, 1968. 2. Manson PN. Some thoughts on the classification and treatment of Le Fort fractures. Ann Plast Surg 1986; 17: 356. 54. The correct response is A. Maxillary fractures usually produce a bilateral rather than an unilateral ecchymosis. The rest of the options are correct. Facial oedema depends upon the severity of fracture. Reference: 1. Rowe NL, Killey HC. Fractures of the facial
is E. The Schuchardt procedure is used for reconstruction of the labiomental region for defects of upto two thirds of the lower lip. The Abbe flap from the lower lip based on the labial artery is the flap of choice for central upper lip defects. Estlander flap is a transposition flap from the upper lip and is used for defects of the lateral lower lip. Gillies fan flap is an extension of the Estlander flap and is for upper lip defects. Reference: 1. Karapandzic M. Reconstruction of lip defects by
C. 16-18 years D. 23-24 years E. After 30 years 86. The philtrum is an important part of the upper lip and requires careful attention at time of repair of cleft lip. The width of philtrum in a normal adult male at the level of Cupid’s bow is which one of the following? A. 2-4 mm B. 4-8 mm C. 8-12 mm D. 12-16 mm 87. The philtrum is an important part of the upper lip and requires careful attention at time of repair of cleft lip. The width of philtrum in a child at the level of Cupid’s bow is which