Police Corruption: Preventing Misconduct and Maintaining Integrity (Advances in Police Theory and Practice)
Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub
While many police officers undertake their work conforming to the highest ethical standards, the fact remains that unethical police conduct continues to be a recurring problem around the world. With examples from a range of jurisdictions, Police Corruption: Preventing Misconduct and Maintaining Integrity examines the causes of police misconduct and explores applied strategies designed to maximize ethical conduct and identify and prevent corruption.
Analyzes the roots of corruption
Introducing the phenomenon of police officer misconduct, the book provides an analysis of unethical behavior, its effects, and different causal factors. The author examines the impact on the community and the police themselves, the dilemma of establishing universal ethical principles, and ways of identifying and measuring misconduct problems. The remainder of the text examines applied strategies designed to maximize ethical conduct and prevent corruption.
A myriad of proven strategies
Exploring a wide range of approaches, the book discusses best practices in the recruitment of ethical applicants, strategies for dealing with misconduct, risk reduction strategies and early warning and intervention systems, along with advanced strategies such as drug and alcohol testing, integrity tests, and the use of covert surveillance. The text also explores the role of independent external oversight bodies that audit police strategies and conduct their own investigation. The final chapter on ethical leadership emphasizes the need to go beyond a checklist of rules with leadership that values, requires, and models integrity in all aspects of police work.
Examples from around the world
Taking a global approach, this volume recognizes that policing is prone to the same potential problems of corruption and misconduct everywhere in the world. Highlighting the importance of establishing robust and enduring anti-corruption protocols in new and emerging democracies, the book provides a model comprehensive integrity system, underscoring the need for a sustained commitment to combat corruption.
confidentiality, force, cooperation between policing agencies, custody, striking and moonlighting, and personal conduct. The Importance of Police Ethics Police ethics are important because policing is important. The police role is typically summarized as preventing crime, enforcing the law, maintaining order, and providing emergency assistance. The creation of the New Police in London in 1829 and the spread of the professional model shifted law enforcement and crime prevention from a “potluck”
important distinction needs to be made here between cultural traditions that are essentially harmless and those that are 32 Police Corruption discriminatory, patriarchal, and unjust. In the case of police gratuities, for example, these are rarely harmless, but entail abuse of position and biased policing that should not be disguised behind euphemisims of “cultural traditions.” This is a key finding of Jauregui’s study: that “gratuities” were extortionate and intrinsic to the corruption of
in part through follow-up interviews with referees, by phone or in person (PEAC, 1998, p. 92). Some agencies expect applicants to include references from police officers, although this appears to be unfair and contributes to a closed society of police. Panel Interviews Conducting face-to-face interviews is a common method for examining the motivations, appearance, interpersonal skills, and attitudes of potential recruits. A good panel interview process engages a variety of perspectives that
and aggressiveness, and a range of psychological disorders. A Victoria Police study illustrates the potential value of psychological tests (Macintyre et al., 2002). In the period before the study was undertaken, MMPI-2 test scores were not used in a strict manner to exclude applicants with poor results. The study tracked the careers of officers with adverse scores. There were 141 officers in the sample who were recruited despite being deemed “undesirable” by psychological assessors. The officers
department, and one in eight in gambling and narcotics enforcement units. The actual number of field associates deployed has never been revealed by the NYCPD, but it has also never attempted to quash rumors about their proportion within the force. Whether field associates actually account for ten percent of the department or that figure is the result of subtle disinformation, their effect upon corrupt activities within the police subculture is undeniable. This institutionalized program of