Origins: A Short Etymological Dictionary of Modern English
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This dictionary gives the origins of some 20,000 items from the modern English vocabulary, discussing them in groups that make clear the connections between words derived by a variety of routes from originally common stock. As well as giving the answers to questions about the derivation of individual words, it is a fascinating book to browse through, since every page points out links with other entries. It is easy to pursue such trails as the longer articles are written as continuous prose clearly divided up by means of numbered paragraphs and subheadings, and there is a careful system of cross-references. In addition to the main A-Z listing, there are extensive lists of prefixes, suffixes, and elements used in the creation of new vocabulary.
to+optāre, to choose: cf OPT; perh via MF-F, from L adoptiō, o/s adoptiōn-; perh via OF-F adoptif, f adoptive, from ML adoptīvus, L adoptīuus. A-Z 37 adore , whence adorer; adorable, adoration. See ORATION, para 5. adorn ; adornment. See ORDER, para 9. adrift . See DRIVE, para 1, s.f. adroit . See REX, para 7. adscititious . See SCIENCE, para 4. adscript , adscription. See SCRIBE, para 9. Origins 38 adsignification . See SIGN, para 11. adsum . See ESSE, para 6. adulate , adulation,
alp Origins 74 , whence the Alps; alpenstock; alpine: from L Alpes (cf the LGr Alpeis), the Alps, whence the adj alpīnus, whence Alpine, alpine (cf EF-F alpin); alpenhorn and alpenstock are borrowings from G (Alpen, pl of Alpe). L Alpes is app of C origin; several authorities (e.g. Walshe) think it prob non-IE, but cf the C *alp, high mountain (Ir ailp or alpa, a protuberance, a high mountain)—perh a var of the C *alb, (to be) white, akin to L albus, Sabine alpus, Gr alphos (cf ALB); perh cf
animōsitāt-, whence, via MF-F animosité, the E animosity (cf suffix -ity). 3. Animus recurs in animadversion, q.v. sep; equanimity, magnanimous, unanimous, contain a blend, sem and phon alike, of both animus and anima. 4. Anima issues in the v animāre (anim-+inf suffix -āre), to endow with breath, hence with life, to put life into, with pp animātus, whence both the adj animate and the v ‘to animate’; whence also the L animātiō, o/s animātiōn-, hence E animation, and the agential animātor, adopted
apparātus, pp of apparāre, to prepare: ap- for ad, to+parāre, to make ready, s par-, app akin to parere (s par-), to bring forth (a child): the sem link is clear and strong. Cf: apparel , n and v. Then n comes, through ME aparail, from OF aparail, apareil (F appareil), itself from OF apareillier (F appareiller), to prepare, whence ‘to apparel’: and apareillier comes from VL *appariculāre, a freq from L apparāre—cf prec. apparent , apparition. See APPEAR. Origins 122 appeach , appeachment.
point; acuminous=acumin- (o/s of L acūmen) + adj suffix -ous. Cf ACUTE. Origins 28 acushla , AIr for ‘darling’: Ir a, the voc O+Ir cuisle, vein, pulse (of the heart): cf AIr cushlamochree (or -machree), for Ir cuisle mo chroidhe, vein of my heart; cf also the F O, mon cœur! and the si heart throb (darling). acute —cute, cutie—acuteness; acuate—aculeate—acutate; acuity. Acuteness merely adds the abstract -ness to acute (whence cute, whence the Am sl cutie): acute comes from L acūtus, orig the