News Culture (Issues in Cultural and Media Studies (Paperback))
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News Culture offers a timely examination of the forms, practices, institutions and audiences of journalism. Having highlighted a range of pressing issues confronting the global news industry today, it proceeds to provide a historical consideration of the rise of 'objective' reporting in newspaper, radio and television news.
It explores the way news is produced, its textual conventions, and its negotiation by the reader, listener or viewer as part of everyday life. Stuart Allan also explores topics such as the cultural dynamics of sexism and racism as they shape news coverage, as well as the rise of online news, citizen journalism, war reporting and celebrity-driven infotainment.
Building on the success of the bestselling previous editions, this new edition addresses the concerns of the news media age, featuring:
- An expanded chapter on news, power and the public sphere
- A chapter-length discussion of war journalism, tracing key factors shaping reportage from the battlefields of Vietnam to the current war in Iraq
- A chapter on citizen journalism in times of crisis, including a number of examples where ordinary individuals have performed the role of a journalist to bear witness to tragic events
This book is essential reading for students of journalism, cultural and media studies, sociology and politics.
conflict with market-oriented strategies suggested by a newspaper’s consultants.’ It is this market orientation which explains, in part, why journalists continue to devote a disproportionate degree of attention to the lives of the white and the wealthy. All of the major news organizations, as Hacker (1997: 74) points out, have predominantly white audiences, a ‘bottom line’ which ‘black employees are expected to understand and appreciate.’ Regardless of the type of news event being processed, it
that worldwide traffic to major news sites was 70 per cent higher than the daily average over the previous four weeks. Several news sites responded to the sudden influx of demand by temporarily removing advertising from their home pages so as to improve download times. All in all, most news sites in the US were able to bear the strain of sharp ‘spikes’ in activity, showing little by way of the ‘performance degradation’ that was all too typical for the same sites on September 11, 2001 (see Allan
Glenn Harlan Reynolds of the blog InstaPundit.com observed. ‘After 9/11, we got a whole generation of Weblogs that were outward looking’ (cited in Gallagher 2002). Significantly, in the weeks following the atrocity, a new type of blog began to emerge, described by its proponents as a ‘warblog’. Taking as their focus the proclaimed ‘War on Terror’, these blogs devoted particular attention to the perceived shortcomings of the mainstream news media with regard to their responsibility to inform the
Some historians maintain that journalists began referring to their craft as a profession as early as the Civil War, while others eschew the idea of professional status altogether. In any case, there seems little doubt that it was the penny press in the 1830s which firmly established the institution of paid reporters, although it would still take several more decades for salaried positions to become the norm. By mid-century, various social clubs and press societies were being created as informal,
‘consensus’), then ‘we’ are defined in opposition to ‘them’, namely those voices which do not share ‘our’ interests and thus are transgressive of the codified limits of common sense. As Stam (1983: 29) points out, there needs to be a certain ‘calculated ambiguity of expression’ if a diverse range of viewers are to identify with the truth-claims on offer: ‘The rhetoric of network diplomacy, consequently, favours a kind of oracular understatement, cultivating ambiguity, triggering patent but