Israel: the First Hundred Years: Volume I: Israel's Transition from Community to State (Israeli History, Politics and Society) (v. 1)
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The Zionist Movement was born in the wake of Jewish emancipation in Western Europe, and at a time of increased persecution in Eastern Europe. This volume addresses the intellectual, social and political ramifications of Jewish settlement in Eretz Israel before the creation of the State of Israel.
its own sake in order to push matters to a volatile crisis which will supposedly culminate in deliverance'. The debate over Pleshet strengthened Sharett in his view that Ben-Gurion supported Dayan unreservedly. In this case Sharett was right. Would Dayan himself, who took no major action without Ben-Gurion's approval, have drawn up orders which could only mean that efforts should be made to escalate border incidents at the risk of war?36 73 A Puzzling Quiet The Egyptian response to Pleshet
a new government based on a smaller coalition, and 74 impending elections). Still, a review of the events until then shows that the domestic political situation in Israel had a role in ensuring the relative quiet of those months. The fairly frequent incidents between the IDF and the Egyptian army in April-May 1955 were in no small measure the result of deliberate Israeli policy. The curbing of that policy, and not necessarily for security reasons, contributed substantially to bringing about
quiet on the border.39 This conclusion does not eliminate the need to examine Egypt's role in the tension of April-May 1955 and the calm of July-August. True, Nasser had put forward ideas for a local border settlement, but at the same time he kept up his bellicose rhetoric, and activated terrorist and intelligence squads from Jordan and Lebanon. The international situation also played a part in maintaining the relative quiet of those months. The Gaza talks had the support of the Western powers,
demarcation line. The matter of future arrangements was indeed open, but the US supported the UN General Assembly resolution which urged Israel to withdraw from Gaza.17 The US administration did not enter into more detailed talks with Israel until February 1957; and when it did so, this was 101 apparently because Congressional and public opinion had become sympathetic to the Israeli case.18 Parallel with Israel's talks with Dulles, its diplomats also conducted negotiations with the UN
in internal power struggles and gradually faded into oblivion upon the eruption of the hostilities in Palestine after 29 November 1947.20 The visit of the United Nations Special Commission on Palestine (UNSCOP) in the country, in June 1947, further increased the feeling among the Palestinians that a violent resolution was inevitable. However, apart from manpower problems, the Palestinians suffered from severe arms shortage. Their arsenal consisted of obsolete rifles, and even those were scarce.