Invisible Nature: Healing the Destructive Divide Between People and the Environment
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A revolutionary new understanding of the precarious modern human-nature relationship and a path to a healthier, more sustainable world.
Amidst all the wondrous luxuries of the modern world—smartphones, fast intercontinental travel, Internet movies, fully stocked refrigerators—lies an unnerving fact that may be even more disturbing than all the environmental and social costs of our lifestyles. The fragmentations of our modern lives, our disconnections from nature and from the consequences of our actions, make it difficult to follow our own values and ethics, so we can no longer be truly ethical beings. When we buy a computer or a hamburger, our impacts ripple across the globe, and, dissociated from them, we can’t quite respond. Our personal and professional choices result in damages ranging from radioactive landscapes to disappearing rainforests, but we can’t quite see how.
Environmental scholar Kenneth Worthy traces the broken pathways between consumers and clean-room worker illnesses, superfund sites in Silicon Valley, and massively contaminated landscapes in rural Asian villages. His groundbreaking, psychologically based explanation confirms that our disconnections make us more destructive and that we must bear witness to nature and our consequences. Invisible Nature shows the way forward: how we can create more involvement in our own food production, more education about how goods are produced and waste is disposed, more direct and deliberative democracy, and greater contact with the nature that sustains us.
momentary suffering for many of the subjects, though Milgram claimed that follow-up studies showed that subjects didn't suffer long-term consequences of participation in the experiments, and very few subjects (1.3 percent) stated that they were sorry to have participated. Ibid., p. 58; Stanley Milgram, “Issues in the Study of Obedience: A Reply to Baumrind,” American Psychologist 19, no. 11 (1964). As far as I'm concerned, referring to the obedience results (and those of the other experiments
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pilotless, 31, 90 D-Town Farm, 261 dualisms, 182 backgrounding and, 208 colonization and, 207, 208 as a fault line through Western thought, 182, 205, 214 homogenization and, 209 human-nature, 76, 92 and incorporation, 208 and instrumentalism, 207, 209 list of, 205, 206 logical structure of (Plumwood), 182, 208 logic of in modern life, 209 male versus female, and others, 206 master-slave, 207, 208 mind-body and reason-nature, 206 as a mode of power, 207 radical exclusion and, 208
healthier private e-waste recycling operation in Roseville, California, run for Hewlett-Packard by Micro Metallics). Workers in the prison weren't given representation on a health and safety committee overseeing the operation. An occupational health specialist from the California Department of Health Services wasn't allowed to accompany the investigators on their tour of the prison recycling facility. Prison and company officials denied requests for results of air monitoring tests.74 In other
Zones in industrialized killing centers “segregate the work of killing not only from the ordinary members of society” but also from most employees, who are excluded from “the most explicitly violent site of all: the kill floor.”31 As each animal enters, an operator on the kill floor aims an air-powered gun to its forehead and shoots a metal rod into the animal's brain. It doesn't always work on the first try, so the animals sometimes thrash about while the worker tries again. The moment of