Internet Censorship: A Reference Handbook (Contemporary World Issues)
Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub
Covering topics ranging from web filters to laws aimed at preventing the flow of information, this book explores freedom―and censorship―of the Internet and considers the advantages and disadvantages of policies at each end of the spectrum.
• Introduces key concepts and traces the evolution of Internet censorship from its earliest days
• Shows how anti-censorship groups―including the American Civil Liberties Union, the OpenNet Initiative, Reporters Without Borders, Anonymous, WikiLeaks, and the Censorware Project―band together to fight for freedom of information
• Explores the role of American businesses in facilitating Internet censorship abroad
• Shares opinions on Internet freedom versus Internet censorship from experts in a range of fields, including criminology, political science, philosophy, and psychology
• Includes an overview of Internet usage and penetration rates by region and an examination of the Freedom on the Net 2012 findings
nevertheless, a freedom forum that should not be abused by some to serve a particular purpose that poses harm to others. Such were the arguments that arose following the decision of a federal appeals court in San Francisco that upheld the right of anti-abortion groups to publish online what many netizens believed was a “hit list” of physicians performing abortions. These theorists argued that while the ﬁrst amendment of the U.S. Constitution guarantees free speech, it does not mean that online
Internet by the end of 2013. . . Still, 4.4 billion of the world’s 7.1 billion people remain unconnected. Ryan, 2013 This chapter explores a range of pertinent issues related to both sides of the coin regarding Internet freedom and Internet censorship. Perspectives on this intriguing topic include contributions from experts in criminology, political science, psychology, and philosophy. Readers will ﬁnd the perspectives to be insightful, as they explore how things got the way they did in the
cybercrime markets. For instance, the group Anonymous uses a simple point-and-click denial of service tool called the Low Orbit Ion Cannon, which may be downloaded for use in attacks against government and industry targets (Correll, 2011; Poulson, 2011). The group espouses that governments are stiﬂing the free ﬂow of information and media companies are unfairly restricting access to materials and that therefore a response from frustrated citizens is required. There are, however, few studies
hackers.” In T. Saadawi and L. Jordan (Eds.), Cyber Infrastructure Protection (pp. 161–183). New York: Strategic Studies Institute, 2009. 131 132 Internet Censorship Holt, T. J., and M. Kilger. “Examining willingness to attack critical infrastructure on and off-line.” Crime and Delinquency, 58 (2012): 798–822. Jordan, T., and P. Taylor. Hacktivism and Cyber Wars. London: Routledge, 2004. Kilger, M. “Social dynamics and the future of technologydriven crime.” In T. J. Holt and B. Schell
openness, free speech, Internet innovation, and Internet censorship. Founded by Lawrence Lessig, CIS continues to strive to improve both technology and law by encouraging key decision makers from relevant ﬁelds to further democratic values, whether on land or online. The Web site may be found at http://cyberlaw .stanford.edu/about-us. Citizen Lab at the University of Toronto The Citizen Lab, located at the University of Toronto in Ontario, Canada, is housed at the Munk School of Global Affairs.