In the Shadow of Zion: Promised Lands Before Israel

In the Shadow of Zion: Promised Lands Before Israel

Adam L. Rovner

Language: English

Pages: 352

ISBN: 1479817481

Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub

From the late nineteenth century through the post-Holocaust era, the world was divided between countries that tried to expel their Jewish populations and those that refused to let them in. The plight of these traumatized refugees inspired numerous proposals for Jewish states. Jews and Christians, authors and adventurers, politicians and playwrights, and rabbis and revolutionaries all worked to carve out autonomous Jewish territories in remote and often hostile locations across the globe. The would-be founding fathers of these imaginary Zions dispatched scientific expeditions to far-flung regions and filed reports on the dream states they planned to create. But only Israel emerged from dream to reality. Israel’s successful foundation has long obscured the fact that eminent Jewish figures, including Zionism’s prophet, Theodor Herzl, seriously considered establishing enclaves beyond the Middle East.
In the Shadow of Zion brings to life the amazing true stories of six exotic visions of a Jewish national home outside of the biblical land of Israel. It is the only book to detail the connections between these schemes, which in turn explain the trajectory of modern Zionism. A gripping narrative drawn from archives the world over, In the Shadow of Zion recovers the mostly forgotten history of the Jewish territorialist movement, and the stories of the fascinating but now obscure figures who championed it.
Provocative, thoroughly researched, and written to appeal to a broad audience, In the Shadow of Zion offers a timely perspective on Jewish power and powerlessness.
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Ibid., p. 27. 179. Ibid., pp. 70–71. 180. Ibid., p. 23. 181. Ibid., p. 103. 182. Ibid., p. 132–133. 183. Ibid. 184. Ibid., p. 148. 185. Ibid. 186. Ibid., p. 153. 187. Rabbi Moshe Rosenblatt, a Mizrahi Zionist and Jewish leader from Kiev, claims to have “converted” Sholem Aleichem to territorialism after Herzl’s death. See Rosenblatt’s letter to Zangwill. 6 Dec. 1905, reprinted in Alroey. Bread to Eat. pp. 143–147. 188. Sholem Aleichem. “Doctors in Consultation.” pp. 132–134. 189.

Becoming Hebrew. pp. 57–58. See also Klausner’s telling defense against this charge in Menahem Ussischkin. p. 71. 232. Klausner. Menahem Ussischkin. p. 70. See also Goldstein. Ussishkin—Biografia. Vol. I. p. 184. 233. Pepper. “ha’Im Ussishkin Yipol Shaynit, Gam b’Bira?” 20 Sept. 2007. 234. Report on the Work of the Commission Sent Out to Examine the Territory Offered by H. M. Government to the Zionist Organization for the Purposes of a Jewish

the Verein and teach in its school.67 Gans’s fellow student, Zunz, was a few years older and resembled a biblical character as sketched by Rembrandt. Zunz already evinced the intensity and scholarly demeanor that would characterize his long life. While the Verein met in Berlin, Noah was busy petitioning the New York State legislature to sell him land as a sanctuary for Europe’s Jews. He offered to purchase Grand Island, an unsurveyed wilderness in the Niagara River along the contested

create a Jewish polity in America was rejected, the Judge of Israel abandoned the stone against an exterior wall of St. Paul’s. A few years later Noah asked his friend Peter B. Porter, a hero of the Battle of Chippewa, to preserve the stone. Porter placed it on the lawn of his riverfront home across the shores from Grand Island. There it remained until 1834, when businessman, legislator, and farmer Lewis F. Allen bought up sixteen thousand acres of Grand Island, including lots first purchased for

the expedition because of Russian obstructionism. Herzl was forced to seek contributions159 for the journey from outside Zionist institutions. And bureaucratic delays in England meant that the precise territory to be explored remained unknown for several months, thus allowing opponents to sow further doubt about its practicability. Meanwhile, a forceful letter opposed to the creation of a “semi-independent, foreign Jewish State”160 in East Africa appeared in The Times from the authoritative pen

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