Historical Dictionary of Nepal (Historical Dictionaries of Asia, Oceania, and the Middle East)

Historical Dictionary of Nepal (Historical Dictionaries of Asia, Oceania, and the Middle East)

Language: English

Pages: 544

ISBN: 1442277696

Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub


Nepal is a living example of contrasts and contradictions.It is a country that was born in medieval times, grew up in the 16th century, and now finds itself engulfed in the high-tech gadgets and material marvels of the 21st century. Nepal has its share of problem which include inadequate economic development and social infrastructure, poverty and corruption, plus worsening pollution, but now it finally has relative peace and quiet after a hasty Maoist uprising. Indeed, it has passed through several democratic elections, and finally seems to be getting on the right track.

This second edition of Historical Dictionary of Nepal contains a chronology, an introduction, appendixes, and an extensive bibliography. The dictionary section has over 700 cross-referenced entries on important personalities, politics, economy, foreign relations, religion, and culture. This book is an excellent resource for students, researchers, and anyone wanting to know more about Nepal.

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country," while atrocities ragedon at the domestic front. According to the Associated Press, "Army helicopters fitted with night-vision devices carried out the air strikes in the remote western districts of Rolpa and Pyuthan." Relentless aerial bombardments of the Maoist bases and camps in the western hills were reported. In the meantime, despite the lack of any independent verification, the government continued to raise, almost on a daily basis, the number of rebels its army claimed to have

that it never quite provided alternative means of expression or more than superficial democratization. This will make it even harder for Nepal to progress; it might well regress instead. This book, thank goodness, does not engage in clich6s or indulge illusions. It describes Nepal's history, politics, economy, society, and religion in fairly straightforward terms and in a reasonably balanced manner. It focuses on significant rulers of the past and present as well as lesser beings who have risen

the most populous zone in the country. It covers a total area of 9,428 sq. km. and contains eight districts: Bhaktapur, Dhading, Kabhre, Kathmandu, Lalitpur, Nuwakot, Rasuwa, and Sindhupalchok (see figure 2). BAHRA (BARHA). (Bahra = 12.) It is a Newar custom of hiding a young woman for 12 days in a secluded place, immediately following the first menstruation or, in some cases, prior to its occurrence. In essence, the bahra ceremony is symbolic of the emergence of womanhood: the girl becomes a

which can roughly be translated to mean the national (muluki) laws (ain) or constitution. Following his return from a European tour in 1851, he commissioned leading administrators to codify the nation's legal system into a single body of laws. What resulted from Jang Bahadur's initiative was the relatively comprehensive Muluki Ain of 1854, which formalized administrative procedures and legal frameworksfor interpreting civil and criminal matters, revenue collection, landlord-peasant relations,

genuine progress cannot be measured simply in terms of numbers alone. Quality is equally important. It is precisely in the area of quality where the problem resides. Over the years, there has been a noticeable decline in the quality of education at all levels. To a large extent, this decline can be attributed to the general lack of qualified teachers and professors; many of those who are qualified exhibit little commitment to the mission of education. One of the key issues infecting Nepal's

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