Health and Human Rights in a Changing World
Michael A. Grodin, Daniel Tarantola, George J. Annas, Sofia Gruskin
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Health and Human Rights in a Changing World is a comprehensive and contemporary collection of readings and original material examining health and human rights from a global perspective. Editors Grodin, Tarantola, Annas, and Gruskin are well-known for their previous two volumes (published by Routledge) on this increasingly important subject to the global community. The editors have contextualized each of the five sections with foundational essays; each reading concludes with discussion topics, questions, and suggested readings. This book also includes Points of View sections—originally written perspectives by important authors in the field.
Section I is a Health and Human Rights Overview that lays out the essential knowledge base and provides the foundation for the following sections.
Section II brings in notions of concepts, methods, and governance framing the application of health and human rights, in particular the Human Rights-based Approaches to Health. Section III sheds light on issues of heightened vulnerability and special protection, stressing that the health and human rights record of any nation, any community, is determined by what is being done and not done about those who are most in need.
Section IV focuses on addressing system failures where health and human rights issues have been documented, recognized, even at times proclaimed as priorities, and yet insufficiently attended to as a result of State denial, unwillingness, or incapacity.
Section V examines the relevance of the health and human rights paradigm to a changing world, underscoring contemporary global challenges and responses.
Finally, a Concluding Note brings together the key themes of this set of articles and attempts to project a vision of the future.
target-based approach post-2015. While the target-based approach is under discussion itself, I use this framework to demonstrate the possible practical and design consequences of a human rights approach. In other words, if we accept the MDG-style targeting approach, where could human rights take us? Stopping at the Participation Sign Before we begin to dream up new post-2015 roads, we need to stop at the participation sign. If we are to take human rights seriously, then the design of the MDGs
cipher to represent racial injustice without actually dealing with the problem of race may have made it seem reasonable to use Nuremberg as a cipher as well and to ignore its meaning. The Committee writes simply that “[t]he commission’s [National Commission] deliberations took place against a background that included the Nazi experiments with concentration camp prisoners followed by the adoption of a stringent standard of voluntary consent in the Nuremberg Code.”31 There is no discussion of what
liberties. In accepting an invitation to rewrite public health laws to give public health officials more power over Americans after 9/11, Gostin writes: “I had no desire to work for the Bush Administration, but when I was informed that if I did not accept, the White House planned to draft the law internally, I reluctantly accepted, after seeking whatever assurances I could of non-interference.”33 My point here is not whether the Chairman is right or wrong, or even whether he (or the Committee)
simplistic. Neither category is monolithic: each contains countries that have very different characteristics in terms of those who need most protection from climate change harms and those who bear most responsibility. Similar differences exist within individual countries, both rich and poor. Elite groups in poor countries occupy a disproportionate share of the environmental space as they do in rich countries, and these groups are often allied. Powerful political and economic links exist between
international human rights law. 64. E. A. Nadelmann, “Progressive Legalizers, Progressive Prohibitionists and the Reduction of Drug-Related Harm,” in N. Heather, A. Wodak, and E. Nadelmann (eds), Psychoactive Drugs and Harm Reduction: From Faith to Science (London: Whurr Publishers, 1993), pp. 34–45. 65. A. Wodak, ”Health, HIV Infection, Human Rights, and Injecting Drug Use, Health and Human Rights 2/4 (1998): pp. 24–41, 38–9. 66. J. Fridli, “Harm Reduction Is Human Rights,” Harm Reduction