Garner's Modern American Usage

Garner's Modern American Usage

Bryan A. Garner

Language: English

Pages: 1008

ISBN: 0195382757

Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub

Since first appearing in 1998, Garner's Modern American Usage has established itself as the preeminent guide to the effective use of the English language. Brimming with witty, erudite essays on troublesome words and phrases, this book authoritatively shows how to avoid the countless pitfalls that await unwary writers and speakers whether the issues relate to grammar, punctuation, word choice, or pronunciation.

Now in the third edition, readers will find the "Garner's Language-Change Index," which registers where each disputed usage in modern English falls on a five-stage continuum from nonacceptability (to the language community as a whole) to acceptability, giving the book a consistent standard throughout. Garner's Modern American Usage, 3e is the first usage guide ever to incorporate such a language-change index, and the judgments are based both on Garner's own original research in linguistic corpora and on his analysis of hundreds of earlier studies. Another first in this edition is the panel of critical readers: 120-plus commentators who have helped Garner reassess and update the text, so that every page has been improved.

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Will Revel in Best-ofFest Commercials," Pitt. Post-Gaz., 27 June 1996, at D4. When the word describes an inanimate object, the -e is invariably dropped . B. As a Noun. Though we may from time to time see blond men and blond women in print, when we see a reference to a blonde (or a blond) we almost always assume it's a woman. To avoid appearing sexist, it's best to refrain altogether from using this word as a noun. In fact, some readers will

WORD, can often be replaced by stop or end—e.g.: celebrant. A. And celebrator. Celebrant best refers to a participant in a religious rite—e.g.: "The Very Rev. Bernhard Bauerle, O. Cam. Midwest Commissary Provincial, will be the Principal Celebrant." "Hogan" (obit.), Chicago Trib., 13 Dec. 2001, at 8. Celebrator is the better word for one who celebrates—e.g.: "Never let it be said that we last-minute celebrators have to be satisfied with the leftovers, the discards, the old and the ugly." Warren

excess] of $2.5 million." Will Parrish, "May Month of Speed and Money," Herald (Rock Hill, S.C.), 27 Apr. 1999, at B3. B. Meaning "outburst." This sense, though somewhat archaic, is unimpeachable. Still, the usage is likely to give most readers pause—e.g.: • "In an access [better: outburst] of unbridled enthusiasm, he hangs by his heels from a Calder sculpture while crooning 'La donna e mobile.' " Donal Henahan, "A New Wave Director Goes to Work on 'Rigoletto,' " N.Y. Times, 8 Sept. 1985, § 2,

leave that place.' " Howard Chuaeoan, "Other Faiths, Other Visions," Time, 2 4 Mar. 1997, at 78. Today the construction is seen only in the most formal contexts. Generally, either conjunction will suffice to give the same meaning, but with a more modern tone. altogether; all together. Altogether = completely; wholly . All together = at one place or at the same time . alum. See alumni. aluminum;

plans >, whereas approve of suggests favorable sentiments . B. And endorse. The two should be distinguished. To endorse is to support actively and explicitly. The word connotes action as well as attitude. To approve, apart from the sense of giving official sanction, is to consider right or to have a favorable attitude toward. The verb conveys an attitude or thought. In both senses, approve is more passive than endorse. C. And approbate. See approbation.

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