Encyclopedia of Biological Invasions (Encyclopedias of the Natural World)
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Encyclopedia of Biological Invasions features articles on:
• Well-known invasive species such the zebra mussel, chestnut blight, cheatgrass, gypsy moth, Nile perch, giant African snail, and Norway rat
• Regions with especially large numbers of introduced species including the Great Lakes, Mediterranean Sea, Hawaiian Islands, Australia, and New Zealand.
• Conservation, ecological, economic, and human and animal health impacts of invasions around the world
• The processes and pathways involved in invasion
• Management of introduced species
nonfood crop in the world, and a loss of rubber supplies could have a crippling effect on most economies. Group 5 refers to bioterrorist use of invasive species for purposes other than environmental destruction: for instance, by introduction of the lethal malaria parasite Plasmodium falciparum from Africa into South America. REQUIREMENTS FOR ECOTERROR AGENTS Requirements for ecoterror agents largely depend on the tactical goal of the terror attack: Local damage, or widespread? Visible damage,
gem clam (Gemma gemma) , introduced from the east coast of the United States to the west coast, became much more abundant in Bodega Bay, California, after the introduction of the European green crab (Carcinus maenas) which was introduced 30 years after the introduction of the gem clam. This supports the idea that lag times of nonnative species—the length of time from introduction to spread—may be due to successive introductions of nonnative species having the potential to facilitate one another.
might also lead to direct actions against harmful NIS in the development of recovery plans for listed species. Because harmful NIS have been identified as a significant source of ecosystem change (which may lead to pressures on rare or endangered species), and in some contexts as a direct extinction threat through predation, competition, or displacement, the ESA might bar some introductions or lead to some efforts at removal. The situations where the powerful effects of the ESA apply, however,
ecosystems showed that invasive plant species consistently entered positive feedbacks with their associated soil biota, while rare native plant species entered negative feedbacks. Another study showed that black cherry (Prunus serotina) was negatively influenced by the soil community that formed under it in its native range in North America, but was positively affected by its soil community when it invaded northwestern Europe. Such studies provide evidence that plant species may escape soil
title appears as the full entry; the alternative title directs the reader to the full entry. For example, the alternative title “Coccinellidae” refers readers to the entry entitled “Ladybugs.” ARTICLE FORMAT Because the articles in the Encyclopedia are intended for the interested general public, each article begins with an introduction that gives the reader a short definition of the topic and its significance. Here is an example of an introduction from the article “Phytophthora”: Phytophthora