Egypt (Modern World Nations)

Egypt (Modern World Nations)

Joseph J. Hobbs, Aswin Subanthore

Language: English

Pages: 121

ISBN: 0791095150

Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub

Egypt: Discusses the geography, history, people, culture, government, economy, and future of Egypt.

National Geographic Italia [IT] (March 2015)

National Geographic [FR], Issue 186 (March 2015)

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indeed the sign of times to come. Another feature that might impress a first-time visitor to Egypt is how many Egyptians there are. Egypt is a populous country, among the top three in the Middle East. With its approximately 80 million people, it is rivaled only by Turkey (71 million) and Iran (65 million), within the region. All but about 5 percent of Egyptians live on the narrow ribbon of the Nile Valley and in the Nile Delta, so impressions of overpopulation and crowding are strong. Until

second story or even a third. Now, while the dead are still buried here, it is mainly a city of the living. Cairo and Egypt’s leaders were embarrassed by the impression given of Egyptians forced to live in a graveyard and for a time tried to relocate the inhabitants. But there was not enough money to build new quarters for all these squatters, and the authorities finally relented and began to treat the City of the Dead like any other part of Cairo. Today, it has most of the services found

skilled and unskilled Egyptian workers. Their salaries are usually much higher than they would be in Egypt, and when they come home they have not only money in their pockets, but typically consumer electronics and other luxuries purchased in the Persian Gulf States. There is also considerable foreign aid pouring into Egypt, with the main donors and lenders being the United States and the European Union. The United States provides about $2 billion worth of aid to Egypt each year. Some of this goes

and everybody gravitates to Cairo, because that is where most of the country’s jobs and services are located. The problem is that such urban primacy has a snowball effect: The opportunities attract more and more people, and the city keeps growing, so the government pours Egypt’s Economy Cairo is the home of Africa’s only subway system, which was built in the late 1980s. Known as “The Metro,” the subway system carries between 2.5 and 3 million people each day. Here, workers help build the

one god, the sun-god Aten. He renamed himself Akhenaten after that god and moved Egypt’s capital to an obscure place in Middle Egypt. Akhenaten fostered a new, more informal style of art and apparently of human relationships, too. In contrast to the stiff, formal, and heroic portrayal of most kings, he had Egypt Through Time himself depicted as a rather paunchy, unattractive man, but a caring person who loved his wife (the famous Nefertiti) and children dearly. Such tender scenes of royal

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