Criminal Justice Policy and Planning
Wayne N. Welsh
Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub
Unlike other textbooks on the subject, Criminal Justice Policy and Planning presents a comprehensive and structured account of the process of administering planned change in the criminal justice system. Welsh and Harris detail a simple yet sophisticated seven-stage model, which offers students and practitioners a full account of program and policy development from beginning to end. The authors thoughtfully discuss the steps: analyzing a problem; setting goals and objectives; designing the program or policy; action planning; implementing and monitoring; evaluating outcomes; and reassessing and reviewing. Within these steps, students and policy-makers focus on performing essential procedures, such as conducting a systems analysis, specifying an impact model, identifying target populations, making cost projections, collecting monitoring data, and performing a meta-analysis, In reviewing these steps and procedures, readers can develop a full appreciation for the challenges inherent in the process and understand the tools required to meet those challenges.
To provide for a greater understanding of the material, the text uses a wide array of real-life case studies and examples of programs and policies. Examples include policies such as Restorative Justice, The Second Chance Act, Three Strikes Laws, and the Brady Act, and programs such as drug courts, boot camps, and halfway houses. By examining the successes and failures of these innovations, the authors demonstrate both the ability of rational planning to make successful improvements and the tendency of unplanned change to result in undesirable outcomes. The result is a powerful argument for the use of logic, deliberation, and collaboration in criminal justice innovations.
policy groups. Lack of community involvement can create suspicion and resistance; positive involvement can be an asset to planning and policy development. Identify Barriers to Change and Supports for Change We have talked only a bit so far about resistance to change. Even at this early stage, a decision must be made about whether to continue forward. Is the change attempt possible? Are the necessary resources and cooperation likely to be available? Before proceeding, we offer some techniques to
those most directly affected—the victim, the offender, and the community. Community justice redefines the roles and goals of criminal justice agencies to include a broader mission—to prevent crime, address local social problems and conflicts, and involve neighborhood residents in planning and decisionmaking. Both restorative and community justice are based on the premise that communities will be strengthened if local citizens participate in responding to crime, and both envision responses
arguably, the need is greatest. Leena Kurki, who holds law degrees from the University of Turku, Finland, and the University of Minnesota, is a Research Associate at the University of Minnesota Law School and the Project Association of the Executive Sessions on Sentencing and Corrections. This study was supported by cooperative agreement 97–MUMU–K006 between the National Institute of Justice and the University of Minnesota. Findings and conclusions of the research reported here are those of the
gets responses from lower levels of ventions of this type, the organization: perhaps from agency supervisors, then program and they might indeed staff, and eventually from potential clients. Thus, those at the top be in the best position of the organizational hierarchy have more “say” in defining the program’s goals, because their definition is the first one, and it carto state realistic, fearies more weight and more power as subordinates and clients are sible outcomes to be asked to respond to
toward standards that indicate performance rather than process, OJJDP called for the development and implementation of national performance-based standards and a new way of doing business for juvenile corrections. 1 Parent, D., V. Leiter, S. Kennedy, L. Livens, D. Wentworth, and S. Wilcox (1994, August). Conditions of Confinement: Juvenile Detention and Correctional Facilities (Research Report). Washington, DC: Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, U.S. Department of Justice.