Computer Ethics: A Case-based Approach

Computer Ethics: A Case-based Approach

Robert N. Barger

Language: English

Pages: 264


Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub

Teaches students how to solve ethical dilemmas in the field of computing, taking a philosophical, rather than a legal, approach to the topic. It first examines the principles of Idealism, Realism, Pragmatism, Existentialism, and Philosophical Analysis, explaining how each of them might be adopted as a basis for solving computing dilemmas. The book then presents a worksheet of key questions to be used in solving dilemmas. Twenty-nine cases, drawn from the real-life experiences of computer professionals, are included in the book as a means to let students experiment with solving ethical dilemmas and identify the philosophical underpinnings of the solutions.

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attack scripts and protocols from the Internet and launch them against victim sites. Thus while attack tools have become more sophisticated, they have also become easier to use. According to the Central Intelligence Agency, the large majority of hackers do not have the requisite expertise to threaten difficult targets such as critical U.S. networks. Nevertheless, the worldwide population of hackers poses a relatively high threat of an isolated or brief disruption causing serious damage} The

Crito. Cri. Very much so, as it seems. But, my dear Socrates, even now be persuaded by me, and save yourself For if you die, not only a single calamity will befall me, but, besides being deprived of such a friend as I shall never meet with again, I shall also appear to many who do not know you and me well, when I might have saved you had I been willing to spend my money, to have neglected to do so. And what character can be more disgraceful than this — to appear to value one’s riches more than

should give us trouble, as having secretly carried you off and so we should be compelled either to lose all our property, or a very large sum, or to suffer something else besides this? For, if you fear any thing of the kind, dismiss your fears; for we are justified in running the risk to save you — and, if need be, even a greater risk than this, But be persuaded by me, and do not refuse. Socr. I am anxious about this, Crito, and about many other things. Cri. Do not fear this, however; for the sum

permanent essence or identity An ancient Greek Pragmatist used to say in this regard: "You can’t step in the same river twice." For the Pragmatist, everything is essentially relative. The only constant is change. The only absolute is that there are no absolutes. The British authors Ieremy Bentham (1748-1852) and Iohn Stuart Mill (1806-1873) and the Americans William James (1842-1910) and John Dewey (1859-1952) are representatives of this view. Pragmatism is essentially a form of Consequentialism

entitled "What Is Computer Ethics" in 1985, has written a more recent article with the thesis that a unifying ethical theory is possible} Moor begins by admitting that “consequentialist theories and deontological theories are often presented as hopelessly incompatible."2 By "consequentialist" he means Pragmatist and by "deontological" he means Idealist, These theories would indeed seem to be incompatible since the first is relativist (i.e., depending on some external thing or circumstance) and

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