Clinical Neuroanatomy Made Ridiculously Simple
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This now-classic text presents the most relevant points in clinical neuroanatomy with mnemonics, humor and case presentations. For neuroanatomy courses and Board review. Includes attached CD-ROM on Neurologic Localization with 3D animated rotations of the brain. Neuroanatomy laboratory tutorial with photographs of brain specimens. Clicking on any area of the nervous system reveals the name of the structure and the effects of an injury to that area, with explanations. Selecting a symptom graphically shows all areas of the nervous system that, when injured, could result in the symptom. Tutorial on how to localize neurologic injuries; Interactive quiz of classic neurologic cases; Windows/Macintosh CD + book. 5th edition adds a new chapter on neurotransmitters.
and decreased pain-temperature sensation on the right side of the body below the head. Where is the lesion? % FASClCtUS WHEATUS SPINAL TRACT a NUCLEUS OF CNU RIG Fig.33A Am. Caudal medulla (orupper cervical cord). 44 CHAPTER 5. THE VISUAL SYSTEM Destruction of a cerebral hemisphere results in dense paralysis and sensory loss in the contralateral extremities. Such lesions do not result in corresponding visual lass or ocular paralysis confined ta the contralateral eye. Rather. both eyes are
cause of multiple central nervous system Iesions is metastatic cancer. 5-4 What deficits will occur in the cranial nerves following destruction of the left cerebral hemisphere? Ans. CN1-lms of olfaction on the left. CN2--righa homonymous hemianopia. CNs 3, 4, G l o s s of right con:(ugaregaze. CNS--right facial hemianesthesia. Only slight motor defect in chewing on the right. owing to bilateral innervation of the motor nucleus of 5. CN-lower right facial paralysis. CN8-Tittle defect owing to
effect Stimulates secretion (cholinergic f i b s ) PamsynapatRetic~unctlofi Contracts pupil (m~osis) contracts c111arymul;cIc (accommodation) Shmulntes secrelion Stimulates secretion No significant effect Hem Rate Farce of ventricular contraction Blood vessels Lungs Increases Decreases Increases Dilates or constricts cardiac & skeletal muscle vesselss Consnicts skin and digestive sysiern blood vessels Dilates bronchial tubes Decreases No significant effect Inhibits motility and secretion
the tempdral lobe concerned with the senst of smell. Epileptic seizures in this area are characterized by unpleasant smells. The uncus Iies close to CN3 and may press upon and injure it following a subdud hemorrhage that forces the uncus to herniate against the brain stem. unilateral -on one side. vestibular oppamtus - the balance-sensingmechanism in the inner ear. visual field - the portion of the environment that the eye(s) sees on fmed forward gaze. -
(CNS) includes the cerebrum, mebellurn. brain stem, and spinal cord (Fig. 1) plus a few scary-sounding structures situated between the brain stem and cerebru rn; namely, the diencephalon (Which includes everything with the name 44thaEamus;"i.e. the thalamus, hypothalamus, epit halamus and subthalamus) and the basal g a n g l i ~(which includes the caudate nucleus, the gtobus pallidus, the putamen, clanstrum, and arnygdala). Fortunately, it i s clinically unimportant to have a detailed