Climate Change and Water Resources
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Covering the various aspects of water and climate change, Climate Change and Water Resources presents the principles of climate change science and its effects on earth’s water supply. Utilizing the knowledge and expertise from well-known experts in the field, the text provides a broad outline of the many interrelated aspects of climate variations, climate change, and connections to water resources. Designed to help managers with developing strategies, implementing policies, and investing in infrastructure and information sources for integrated water resources management, the text addresses many issues regarding climate change and water resources. It also includes adaptation options, which are essential to water resource sustainability.
The material is divided into four sections. The first part of the book provides an introduction to climate change and considers theoretical aspects and available tools. The second part of the book examines the impacts that climate change has on the water sector. The third part focuses on the different adaptation measures needed to minimize the effects of climate change. The fourth part presents a number of case studies.
Focused on climate change in the water sector, Climate Change and Water Resources closely analyzes scientific research and fuels study for a greater understanding of climate change and the proper management of water. This text is useful for undergraduate and postgraduate students, scientists, and design engineers as well as those working at research institutes and implementing and planning agencies.
atmospheric circulation. Under normal conditions, air rises in convective towers in the west Pacific, flows eastward, descends in the east Pacific, and then flows westward at the surface as live trade winds. Delayed ocean adjustment: During El Niño, a sharpening of the poleward gradient of the tropical Pacific trade winds enhances the poleward transport of upper-ocean waters from the equator toward the subtropics. This gradually discharges the reservoir of warm surface waters from the equatorial
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processes) and plants (through photosynthesis) help offset the atmospheric concentrations of CO2—yet the increase in the burning of fossil fuels (e.g., wood, coal, oil and natural gas) is the primary reason for the observed upward trend. Here trend is defined as changes in time mean. There is consensus among the scientific community that the recent observed monotonic increase in CO2 is man-made 69 70 Climate Change and Water Resources CO2 concentration (ppm) 420 400 Linear trend 380 360
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