Brain-Wise: Studies in Neurophilosophy: 1st (First) Edition

Brain-Wise: Studies in Neurophilosophy: 1st (First) Edition

Language: English

Pages: 0

ISBN: B0086HZ36K

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knowledge, then such knowledge would have to have its origin in our evolutionary history, not in divine engineering. So the exis- tence, character, and accuracy of inborn representations, if such there be, has to fit within a comprehensive biological framework that includes what we know about neural development in individuals and comparisons between human and nonhuman brains (figures 6.1 and 6.2). This point was made earlier in the in- troduction to metaphysics. I make it again and develop

strangely puritanical. Why not take advantage of every strategy, every technique, every well- controlled and well-run experiment? Why turn up your nose at some data when it might be useful? Fodor, however, takes the software/hardware analogy to license assurance that neuroscientific data will not be useful. As noted, the analogy stipulates that neuroscientific data pertain to implementation rather than software. Unfortunately, and rather obviously, this response is untenable, because the

looms large for many people concerns supernatural beings, and the existence of God in particular. Is there anything we have learned about the brain that bears upon questions of spirituality? At the heart of reflections on religion and the brain are three questions: (1) Does God exist? (2) Is there life after death? (3) What happens to morality if God does not exist? One and all, these questions are ancient; one and all, they remain highly current topics of discussion. I raise them here

Neurosciences, pp. 615–624. Cambridge: MIT Press. Posner, M. I., and M. E. Raichle. 1994. Images of Mind. New York: Scientific American Library. Pouget, A., and T. J. Sejnowski. 1997a. Spatial transformations in the parietal cortex using basis functions. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience 9 (2): 222–237. Pouget, A., and T. J. Sejnowski. 1997b. Lesion in a basis function model of parietal cortex: comparison with hemineglect. In P. Thier and H.-O. Karnath, eds., Parietal Contributions to

theory, 269 in socialization, 235 Garcia, John, 252 Feyerabend, Paul, 265 Gaze shift, 158 Ffytche, D. H., 146 Generalizations and natural law, 56 Fire Genes, 246, 248 evolving definition of, 129–130 expression of, 323, 323–324, 324–325 Lavoisier’s study of, 242 and mapping of properties, 23 First cause, argument from, 379 German Idealism and inferential vs. First philosophy, 38 noninferential judgments, 123 Fiset, P., 168–169 Germ theory of disease, 243 459 Index Gestalt

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