Brain Renaissance: From Vesalius to Modern Neuroscience
Marco Catani, Stefano Sandrone
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Brain Renaissance: From Vesalius to Modern Neuroscience is published on the 500th anniversary of the birth and the 450th anniversary of the death of Vesalius. The authors translated those Latin chapters of the Fabrica dedicated to the brain, a milestone in the history of neuroscience. Many chapters are accompanied by a commentary tracking the discoveries that paved the way to our modern understanding of the brain - from the pineal gland that regulates sleep, the fornix and mammillary bodies for memory, the colliculi for auditory and visual perception, and the cerebellum for motor control, to the corpus callosum for interhemispheric cross-talk, the neural correlates of senses, and the methods for dissections. The chapters constitute a primer for those interested in the brain and history of neuroscience. The translation, written with modern anatomical terminology in mind, provides direct access to Vesalius' original work on the brain. Those interested in reading the words of the Renaissance master will find the book an invaluable addition to their Vesalian collection.
Brain Renaissance pays a tribute to the work of the pioneers of neuroscience and to the lives of those with brain disorders, through whose suffering most discoveries are made. It's an unforgettable journey inspired by the work of the great anatomist, whose words still resonate today.
serial order the parts of the eye, beginning with the humors, and then the tunics. And you should always compare all these figures to the first one that we represented here: because these figures follow each other according to the order of organization of the eye, and are represented following the same criteria adopted for this first figure. Figure A20. The second figure represents only the anterior aspect of the crystalline humor, and therefore, it will appear free from all the parts that
256n74, 256n101 Thomas, 131 3D reconstruction of brain, 77f ‘Throne of Saturn,’ 29f Tiepolo, Paolo, 37, 41 Titian, 19, 28, 29 touch, organ of, according to Vesalius, 170 Tourette syndrome. See Gilles de la Tourette syndrome Tournoux, Pierre, 187t trabeculae of the arachnoid membrane, 258n149 tracing methods, 91, 106, 187t tract of Vicq d’Azyr (mammillothalamic), 108 tractography, 83f, 91f, 92, 107f, 139f, 207f, 211, 212f transmitter receptor distribution, 210 tree of life (arbor
konoeides89 by the ancients. It is located under the origin of the venous vessel, with its tip facing upward and its base lying on the brain substance that is just posterior to the beginning of the passage90 that courses from the third to the fourth ventricle of the brain. Its position can be truly understood only if I add that it rests on the most superior and anterior part of the brain testes.91 Therefore, in man, it rests upon a region of the brain, but it cannot be considered as continuous
spirit as it passes from the third cerebral ventricle to the fourth.93 Commentary THE PINEAL GLAND: FROM THE SEAT OF THE SOUL TO “SAD” LAMPS The structure Vesalius describes may be small, just five to nine millimeters in length, but it has a large philosophical and historical importance. Known today as the pineal gland, or epiphysis by some, it takes its name from a distinctive appearance that was first noted by Galen. It is shaped like a pine cone and lies along the midline of the brain
The end of the 1960s also saw the development of powerful methods for axonal tracing. These took advantage of expanding knowledge concerning how proteins are actively transported along the axonal fibers. When the tracer is injected into a predetermined cortical or subcortical region while the animal is still alive, it can enter the neuron and be transported along the axon, either in the anterograde direction, from the cell body to its terminations, or in the opposite, retrograde, direction