An Introduction to Drugs and the Neuroscience of Behavior (Explore Our New Psychology 1st Editions)
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This up-to-date text provides an introductory overview of the nervous system actions and behavioral effects of the major classes of psychoactive drugs, using pedagogy unique among pharmacology texts to make the topic approachable. Available with InfoTrac Student Collections http://gocengage.com/infotrac.
approaches for developing genetically modified organisms. In a variation of the knock-out mouse, researchers have developed conditional knock-out mice that have normally functioning genes until a researcher administers a type of enzyme that deactivates a gene. Thus, these mice Although genes contain codes to express certain traits such as eye color or production of a particular enzyme, the coding sequence for genes may not be precisely the same from individual to individual. We term these
Monoamine oxidase (MAO) Glutamate Firing rate Neurotransmitters Excitatory amino acid neurotransmitters Catechol-Omethyltransferase (COMT) Nitric oxide (NO) Nodes of Ranvier Vesicular transporter GABA Exocytosis Volume neurotransmission Inhibitory amino acid neurotransmitters Catabolism NMDA Nigrostriatal dopamine pathway Receptors AMPA Noradrenergic neurons Substrate protein Dopamine transporter Mesolimbic and mesocortical dopamine pathways Acetylcholinesterase Hormones
and/or eChapter(s). Editorial review has deemed that any suppressed content does not materially affect the overall learning experience. Cengage Learning reserves the right to remove additional content at any time if subsequent rights restrictions require it. 106 Chapter 4 | Properties of Drugs effect or if a patient is too unresponsive to take a medication herself. For both of these reasons, a physician may give, for example, an intravenous injection of naloxone to a patient experiencing a
recreational activities, and improved interpersonal relationships. Monetary and voucher reinforcers are incentives for remaining drug free. In this context, a voucher is exchangeable for a tangible good in the community. Behavioral therapists may provide money or vouchers after a client provides a drug-free urine sample. Cognitive–behavioral therapies teach drug-addicted individuals to identify and reduce their urges to use a substance. Once trained, individuals learn to avoid stimuli or
approximately 4 million people ages 15 and older used cocaine in 2008 (European Monitoring Centre for table 6.1 Drug Enforcement Administration Controlled Substances Schedules for Psychostimulant Drugs Psychostimulant Schedule Amphetamine III Cathinone I Cathine (norpseudoephedrine) IV Cocaine II Methamphetamine II Methcathinone I Methylphenidate II Pyrovalerone V Adapted from the DEA Controlled Substances Schedules. (www.deadiversion.usdoj.gov/schedules /index.html)