American Indians of California, the Great Basin, and the Southwest (Native American Tribes (Rosen Educational Publishing))

American Indians of California, the Great Basin, and the Southwest (Native American Tribes (Rosen Educational Publishing))

Language: English

Pages: 130

ISBN: 161530682X

Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub

Explores the history and culture of Native Americans in the western United States.
Title: American Indians of California, The Great Basin, and The Southwest
Author: Kuiper, Kathleen (EDT)
Publisher: Rosen Pub Group
Publication Date: 2011/12/15
Number of Pages: 130
Binding Type: LIBRARY
Library of Congress: 2011028073

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and eastern Los Angeles County and northern Orange County, as well as the islands of Santa Catalina and San Clemente. They were named by the Spanish after the Franciscan mission San Gabriel Arcángel. The second group, Tataviam (Fernandeño), occupied areas in and around the San Fernando Valley and seacoast. A third, apparently related, group was the Nicolino (Nicoleño, or San Nicolinos), who inhabited San Nicolas Island. The Gabrielino occupied some of the most fertile and pleasant land in

California. Because they were among the wealthiest and most technologically advanced Native Americans in the region, they exercised considerable influence on all their neighbours. In religion, for instance, the Gabrielino were the source of the jimsonweed cult, a widely practiced southern California religion that involved various sacred and esoteric rituals and the drinking of toloache, a hallucinogen made from the jimsonweed (Datura stramonium). Traditionally, the interior and coastal Gabrielino

rituals they were thought to possess or share the bodies of dancers whose regalia matched that appearance. The kachina religion was most active among the western Pueblos and was less important as one traveled east. The Apache conceived of the universe as inhabited by a great variety of powerful entities, including animals, plants, witches (evil shamans), superhuman beings, rocks, and mountains. Each could exert force in the world for good or ill and required individual propitiation. Each was

residence of the principal chief as well as the setting for major rituals and political and economic negotiations. Local Organization Tribelets throughout most of California typically established permanent villages that they occupied year-round, although small groups routinely left for short or more extended periods (a few days to a few weeks) to hunt or forage. Much depended on supplies immediately available. In areas with sparse economic resources, seminomadic bands of 20 to 30 individuals

G Gabrielino, 24, 25–26 Geronimo, 90, 112, 114, 116 Ghost Dance, 57–58 gold rush, 15, 36 Great Basin Indians, 42–43, 119 food sources and strategies, 47–49 history, 55–59 language, 43, 44–45, 60 matrimony and family, 51–52 religion, 43, 52–55, 56, 57–58 shelter, 46 social organization, 50 tools, 47–48 transportation, 45–46, 50 tribe profiles, 60–73 visual arts, 49 H hogans, 111 Hokan languages, 21, 32, 34, 36, 44, 45, 60, 76, 95 Hopi, 77, 80, 83, 91, 98, 101, 103, 105, 106–108, 109, 116 horses,

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