A Companion to Cultural Memory Studies
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This companion represents the interdisciplinary and international field of ""cultural memory studies"" in one volume. Articles by renowned international scholars offer readers a unique overview of the key concepts of cultural memory studies. The book not only documents current research in an unprecedented way; it also serves as a forum for bringing together approaches from areas as varied as sociology, political sciences, history, theology, literary studies, media studies, philosophy, psychology, and neurosciences.""Cultural memory studies"" - as defined in this book - came into being at the beginning of the 20th century, with the works of Maurice Halbwachs on mèmoire collective. In the course of the last two decades this area of research has witnessed a veritable boom in various countries and disciplines. As a consequence, the study of the relation of ""culture"" and ""memory"" has diversified into a wide range of approaches. This companion is based on a broad understanding of ""cultural memory"" as the interplay of present and past in sociocultural contexts. It presents concepts for the study of individual remembering in a social context, group and family memory, national memory, the various media of memory, and finally the host of emerging transnational lieux de mèmoire such as 9/11. This book first appeared as a hardback volume in the De Gruyter series ""Media and Cultural Memory"" under the title ""Cultural Memory Studies: An International and Interdisciplinary Handbook"". With the present companion the original articles are reissued in an affordable paperback edition.
and Slavs in a regional community, held together by deeper links than the dynastic connections of the Habsburgs. In the 1920s, Trieste remained a hub for Austrian-Italian-Jewish-Slavic cultural contact. Under fascism, Italy tried to play a role in the foreground of Central Europe and the Balkans, but was unable to penetrate Nazi domination (see also Isnenghi, this volume). In the years following German unification, the dissolution of the Soviet system, and the emancipation of the nations of
or nothingness replaced classical, religious, or romantic notions in commemorative art. This shift was noticeable in Holocaust remembrance. Holocaust sites of memory—concentration and extermination camps, in particular, but also places where Jews had lived before the Shoah—could not be treated in the same way as sites commemorating the dead of the two world wars (see Young, this volume). The first difficulty was the need to avoid Christian notation to represent a Jewish catastrophe. The second
(J. Assmann, Ma’at 11). 3. Limits of the Concept The idea of interconnecting “culture” and “memory” is not particularly new. In 1910, Arnold van Gennep pointed to the tenacious longevity of the “mémoire des faits d’ordre culturel” (164), which can allow technical knowhow and religious traditions, but also rules and regulations of social and political organizations, to outlast historical “expiration dates.” Nor may one forget Maurice Halbwachs, important for the early history of the concept even
strategic goal in order to preserve and respect local and national identities while co-operating in the making of a communal European educational system. Inevitably, such a goal implied also developing a new series of trans-national research projects fostering memory studies across disciplines. Therefore, the intention was to bring together scholars and experts from various European countries, as well as from the associated countries, in order to encourage a deeper understanding of the very idea
Grabes. Tübingen: Narr, 2005. 265-98. François, Etienne, and Hagen Schulze, eds. Deutsche Erinnerungsorte. 3 vols. Munich: Beck, 2001. Gedi, Noa, and Yigal Elam. “Collective Memory: What Is It?” History and Memory 8.1 (1996): 30-50. Geertz, Clifford. The Interpretation of Cultures: Selected Essays. London: Hutchinson, 1973. Gombrich, Ernst H. Aby Warburg: An Intellectual Biography. London: Warburg Institute, 1970. Halbwachs, Maurice. Les cadres sociaux de la mémoire. Paris: Alcan, 1925. ––. On