A Brief History of Ancient Greece: Politics, Society, and Culture

A Brief History of Ancient Greece: Politics, Society, and Culture

Sarah B. Pomeroy

Language: English

Pages: 416

ISBN: 0199981558

Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub

Written by five leading authorities on the classical world, A Brief History of Ancient Greece: Politics, Society, and Culture, Third Edition, is a shorter version of the authors' highly successful Ancient Greece: A Political, Social, and Cultural History, Third Edition (OUP, 2011). It offers a captivating account of Greek civilization and history in all its complexity and variety, covering the entire period from the Bronze Age through the Hellenistic Era.


* New! Extensively revised coverage of early Greece by new coauthor David Tandy

* New! Expanded discussions of military history and archaeology

* New! A revised art program, featuring two eight-page color inserts (one new)

* Uniquely in-depth coverage of social and cultural topics including women and family life, material culture, religion, law, homosexuality, slavery, athletics, and life in the countryside

* Excerpts from ancient documents, selective recommendations for further reading, and a timeline and general introduction that provide a bird's-eye view of Greek history

* Key terms (boldfaced at their first appearance) and an extensive glossary

* An updated Companion Website (coming soon) with a wealth of resources for students and instructors

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interrelated. Drawing them together into a single political unit was merely a matter of making formal the ancient ties of kinship and neighborliness. Political unification of regional territories that contained several important towns and villages besides the central polis was more complex and is not well understood. It seems likely that synoecism in these regions was a drawn-out process, beginning possibly in the late ninth century BC and crystallizing between about 750 and 700. Regional

disproportionate share of the total agricultural land in the demos and an even greater share of the good land, including lush meadows for grazing their horses and cattle. They became even richer by concentrating on cash crops, such as wine and olive oil. Most significant for their profits was their ability to exploit the plight of the poorest farmers, who made up possibly a third or more of the demos. Some of them mortgaged their kleroi to the rich, paying off the debt with a portion of their

Spartan assembly did not debate; citizens listened to a proposal made by the gerousia and simply voted to accept or reject it, without discussion. The Spartan was trained to obey and to conform, not to take sides in public debate. Lycurgus was said to have outlawed rhetoric teachers. This ethos gave rise to the English word “laconic” (derived from Laconia), which is used to describe a spare style of speech or someone who talks very little. The Mixed Constitution of Ancient Sparta Since

Linear B tablets) that permits a fairly detailed picture of the society. For the subsequent period, the Dark Age, down to the eighth century BC, material remains are very sparse and there are no written records. After the seventh century BC, however, when both material and literary remains start to proliferate, we begin to have a dynamic picture of change and continuity. The picture will show how the Greeks responded to environmental pressures with ideas and technological innovations, how they

class of permanent officials (what we might call bureaucrats) with interests different from those of the populace at large. The Judicial System and State Pay for State Service By the time of Pericles, the Athenians had come to call their form of government de¯ mokratia, a government in which the kratos (“power”) was in the hands of the de¯ mos (“the people”), by which they meant the male citizens in their capacity as voters in the assembly—and as jurors in the courts. The large size of Athenian

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